Legal Method

legal method

CONCEPT OF LAW

Positive approach to law concentrates on things as they are not as they ought to be. This approach is opposed to the theory of natural law and is the imperative theory of law, which found its most …

GROWTH OF LEGAL PROFESSION IN INDIA

The complex legal system of today cannot exist without its experts. A lawyer is a person who possesses expert knowledge of law and has practical skill in its working. In India lawyers are officers …

REFORMS OF LORD CORNWALLIS

The Governor-Generalship of Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793) constitutes a very remarkable and a highly creative period in Indian legal history. He thoroughly reorganised the judicial system. He introdu…

ABOLITION OF DUAL JUDICIAL SYSTEM

The 1857 revolt/mutiny opened the eyes of the British Parliament to the corrupt administration of the Company and to the total lack and complete dissatisfaction of the natives with the administrati…

THE ADALAT SYSTEM, REFORMS OF WARREN HASTINGS

In 1765, the company entered into an agreement with the Emperor whereby it obtained the diwani of the three provinces of the Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. In Warren Hastings prepared the first judicial…

DISTINCTION BETWEEN PANCHAYAT AND LOK ADALAT

FIRST, A Panchayat is a full-fledged court which is established to entertain disputes of both civil and criminal nature. It collects and takes evidence and gives a decision on the case before it wh…

THE ADVOCATES ACT, 1961

To implement the recommendations of the All India Bar Committee (fully endorsed by fourteenth Report of the Law Commission in 1955), the Advocates Act, one thousand nine hundred sixty one was enact…

ESTABLISHMENT OF HIGH COURTS

In one thousand eight hundred sixty one, the British Parliament passed the Indian High Courts Act which provided for the establishment of the High Courts at the Presidency Towns. The Act also autho…

THE LEGAL SERVICES AUTHORITIES ACT, 1987

The Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987, was enacted to give a statutory base to legal aid programmes throughout the country on a uniform pattern. The Act was brought into force with effect from N…

LOK ADALATS AT A GLANCE

Lok Adalats are para-judicial institutions and, as the name suggests it is people’s court which is meant for the general masses like middle class people and poor people. This institution is t…

Working of the Court

THE PATNA CASE In the words of Dr. M. P. Jain, the Patna case exposed the judicial administration of the Company. In fact the Patna case is an illustration of various defects and weaknesses in the …