26th January 1950 was the day in the history when a new democracy was born. This day India saw its constitution come into being. For a free India, the Constitution is the supreme book, which lays down all the rules to be followed by the people of India for establishing governance of India.
The Constitution Assembly of India framed the present constitution of India, which was setup under Cabinet Mission Plan of May 16, 1946. Apart from this, a look into some other facts about the Constitution-
- On December 9, 1946, the Constituent Assembly first met and took precisely 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to come up with the final draft. When the draft was prepared and put for debate and discussion, over 2000 amendments were made, before it was finalized.
- Prem Behari Narain Raizada handwrote the original Indian Constitution with as much as 48 articles, 12 schedules, and 94 amendments in Italic style with beautiful calligraphy. Each page was beautified and decorated by artists from Shantiniketan. Today, the original copies of the Indian Constitution, which were written in Hindi and English, are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
- 284 members of the Constituent Assembly, which included 15 women and came into force two days later on 26th January, signed the handwritten Constitution on 24th January 1950.
- The date 26th January was specially selected since it was the anniversary of “Purna Swaraj Day” (26th January 1930)- the day Indian congress seeded the fight for complete Independence and also hoisted the Indian national flag for the first time. On the day constitution was signed, it was raining cats and dogs outside the parliament which was considered to be a good omen by the assembly members.
- Indian Constitution is known as a bag of borrowings as the concepts of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity was taken from the French constitution, the concept of five-year plans was taken from the USSR, the Directive Principles were taken from Ireland as well as the law on which the Supreme Court functions was taken from Japan.
By – Mansi Gupta, Student