Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) – the need of the hour!

By | June 11, 2017

To understand why Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) is the need of the hour, we need to dive in!

India, which accounts for the highest road fatalities in the world, became yet more dangerous in 2015 with the number of deaths rising nearly 5% to 1.46 lakh. This translates to 400 deaths a day or one life dead every 3.6 minutes.

Some of India’s most popular cars including the Renault Kwid, Hyundai Eon, Maruti Suzuki Celerio and Mahindra Scorpio have failed crash tests conducted by the Global National Car Assessment Programme (GNCAP), a UK-based independent charity focused on consumer-oriented vehicle safety initiatives.

The cars mentioned above were among models, along with the Maruti Suzuki Eeco, shipped to a facility in Germany for tests. All showed almost negligible levels of adult occupant protection.

The number of deaths due to road accidents in India is around three to four times that of European countries like France, Germany, and Spain. The Indian automotive safety standards have been criticized as being insufficient and ineffective. India has the world’s sixth-largest car market but is still the only country among the global top ten car markets without a testing program that measures the safety of vehicles

It is worth mentioning that some of the cars made in India for import to European countries, like Suzuki Swift scores higher than Indian model!


While buying a car, you must have heard the phrase ‘Kitna deti hai?’ i.e. mileage of the car. We Indians wants the best mileage from our car. For an extra 1 or 2 KMPL, we change our choice, ignoring the most important aspect… THE BUILT QUALITY

Just to increase the mileage, the car manufacturers started reducing the weight of the car by using thinner aluminum sheets and lighter quality components unstoppably, because there is no law (till now) to regulate or grade the quality

Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP)

The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) is a proposed car safety program for India. Cars sold in the country will be assigned by star ratings based on their safety performance. It will be implemented in phases, according to the plans being drawn up by the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project. It is the 10th NCAP in the world and is being set up by the government of India.

The program was expected to begin mid-2014 but postponed to 2017 to start due to delay in setting up labs and other facilities. Within two years of implementation, new cars sold in India will need to comply with voluntary star ratings based on crash safety performance tests. Critical safety features such as airbags, ABS, and seat belt reminders will become standard in cars sold in India resulting from rankings and mandatory crash testing. Offset front crash, side, and rear impact tests will be required by 2017.

Cars will gradually have to meet more stringent norms such as pedestrian protection, whiplash injury and child restraint systems standards and requirements.


It is proposed that this BNVSAP would start the official testing from October 2017 onwards. The car testing protocols are defined by ARAI as follows:

  1. Frontal offset testing (64 Km p/h proposed)
  2. Side impact testing
  3. Pedestrian protection testing
  4. Rear impact testing
Child dummy dynamic crash testing

Points would be awarded to the car based on the safety features in the car like ABS, seat belt reminders, child lock, and Electronic Stability Control.

It is estimated that vehicles in India will cost 10 to 20% more resulting from compliance with these norms. But this hike in price is negligible in comparison to the priceless value of our loved ones.

By – Shubham Sharma

(Content Writer @ Legal Bites)




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