Shreya Sahoo

Author Archives: Shreya Sahoo

Offences Relating to Marriage – Invalid Marriage, Bigamy, Elopement etc.

Offences Relating to Marriage – Invalid Marriage, Bigamy, Elopement etc. | Overview Mock or Invalid Marriages Bigamy Adultery Criminal Elopement/Seduction Cruelty Offences related to marriage are dealt with in Chapter XX, IPC. The offences enumerated (Invalid Marriage, Bigamy, Elopement etc.) in this chapter are in one way or the other related to infidelity in the institution of marriage….…...

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Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband | Section 498A

Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband | Section 498A | Overview Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband What is Cruelty? Section 498A, IPC Who can Complain of Cruelty Section 498A AND 304B, IPC – Comparison Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code makes an act of administering cruelty by husband or his relatives on wife an……...

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Offences Affecting Public Health, Safety, Convenience, And Decency

Offences Affecting Public Health, Safety, Convenience, And Decency | Overview Public Nuisance (Section 268) Diseases Dangerous to Life Quarantine Rule Noxious food or drinks Offences related to Drugs and Natural Resources Rash Driving Rash Navigation and Obstruction in a public way Poisonous Substance  and combustible matter Other matters of Negligence is dealt under the following sections Obscenity Offences……...

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False Evidence and Offence against Public Justice

Offences pertinent to false evidence and offences opposing the public justice is dealt with in Chapter XI of the Indian Penal Code. Hereunder are the two division of the categories into which the offences can be divided: Giving or fabrication of false evidence (Section 191 – 200) Offences opposing public justice (Section 201 – 229A) I. Giving False……...

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Contempt of the Lawful Authority of the Public Servants

Chapter X of the Indian Penal Code deals with consequences which follow from the disobedience of the lawful authority of public servants. Originally as was conceived by the lawmakers this Section was supposed to subject sanctions to those who showed disobedience to the public servants, courts of justice, officers of revenue and of the police. Further, it is……...

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Offence of Abetment

Offence of Abetment | Overview Introduction Abetment of a thing: S. 107 Abettor: S.108 Punishment for Abetment: S. 110-114 Chapter V of the Indian Penal Code deals with the offences related to abetment. The English have similar laws governing the liability of person involved in abetting the commission of an offence. I. Introduction A person not committing a……...

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Kinds Of Punishments

Kinds Of Punishments | Overview Introduction Kinds Of Punishments Capital Punishment Imprisonment Levying of penalty Forfeiture of Property Contemporary Penal System Conclusion There are five different kinds of punishments awarded by the Indian Penal Code, 1860 under Section 53, and they are Death, Life imprisonment, Simple or rigorous imprisonment, Fine and Forfeiture of property. Introduction The practice of……...

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Offences Against Public Tranquillity

Offences Against Public Tranquillity | Overview Unlawful Assembly: Section 141 Rioting: S. 146 – 148 Affray: S. 159 Promoting Enmity between Classes: S. 153A, 153B, 153AA This article “Offences Against Public Tranquility” deals with the offence of Unlawful Assembly, Rioting, Affray and Promoting Enmity between Classes in detail. I. Unlawful Assembly: Section 141 The overall idea behind criminalizing of……...

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Crime And Elements Of Crime

Crime And Elements Of Crime | Overview Actus Reus Act to Forbidden by Law Causation in Crime Principle of Ordinary Hazard Principle of Reasonable Foresight Unexpected Interventions Mens Rea This article discusses Crime and its elements. Criminal liability of a person is based on the fundamental principles of the commission of a wrongful act- actus reus, combined with……...

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History of Punishment

History of Punishment | Overview Introduction Ancient Penal Law Hindu Law Muslim Law Development of Punishment Before And After Prisons Were Built Capital Punishment This article titled “History of Punishment” provides an insight into the development of punishments for every criminal activity. The concept of punishment is based on the principle of lex talionis which means “the law……...

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