Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of  Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

Accident and Necessity

Section 80 exempts a person from liability if the act is committed unintentionally, by mistake, without any criminal purpose or understanding and the accident occurs while performing a lawful act in a legal manner and by legal means in which proper care and prudence are exercised. Introduction Some people are immune from the criminal law operation. Chapter IV… Read More »

Defamation: Meaning and Exceptions

INTRODUCTION Law provides safeguards for a person’s reputation similar to the protection it provides to his life and property. Indian Penal Code has provisions to punish offenders for committing defamation against the state under Section 124A and defamation of class contained in Section 153. Additionally, Chapter XXI of IPC deals with defamation of a person. SECTION 499, IPC… Read More »

Criminal Conspiracy

Laws pertaining to the conspiracy are deemed to the most complex ones considering the other inchoate offences in common law. One may find the laws related to conspiracy as arbitrary. Section 120A – Definition of criminal conspiracy “When two or more per­sons agree to do, or cause to be done, an illegal act, or an act which is… Read More »