Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of  Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

The Indian Penal Code, 1860- A General Introduction and Background

The Indian Penal Code is one of the most unique and spectacular Penal Law Code entailing a number of crimes, their scope, nature and punishments thereof. It is best-taken care in the hands of Judiciary, Law practitioners, academicians, students and law learners. The Indian Penal Code indirectly owes its origin to Jeremy Bentham, who is a well-known jurist… Read More »

Excusable General Exceptions under Indian Penal Code – Explanation with Important Case Laws

Introduction The criminal law outlines different punishments for various crimes. But a person may not always be punished for a crime that he/she has committed. The Indian Penal Code, 1860 recognizes defenses in chapter four under the heading ‘General Exceptions.’ Sections 76 to 106 of the IPC cover these defenses. The law offers certain defenses that exculpate criminal… Read More »

Principle of group liability – Common Intention, Common Object and Unlawful Assembly

Section 34 is an instance of constructive criminality, i.e. liability of all for the acts of one or some of them. Sections 149, 349 and 460 of IPC also deal with constructive criminality. The essence of liability under section 34, is the conscious meeting of minds of persons participating in the criminal action to bring about a particular… Read More »

Culpable Homicide and Murder – Meaning and Difference

Homicide is the highest order bodily injury that can be inflicted on a human body. It has from earliest times been considered most heinous offences. The word comes from Latin where ‘homo’ means ‘man’ and ‘cide’ means ‘I cut’. Thus homicide means the killing of a man by man. The homicide may be lawful or unlawful. Culpable homicide means… Read More »

Exceptions to Offence of Murder under Section 300 IPC

Clauses 1-4 of Section 300 provide the essential ingredients, wherein culpable homicide amounts to murder. Section 300 after laying down the cases in which culpable homicide becomes murder, states certain exceptional situations under which, if murder is committed, it is reduced to culpable homicide not amounting to murder punishable under section 304, IPC and not under section 302,… Read More »

Rash or Negligent Act – Section 304A, IPC

Section 304A, IPC deals with homicide by rash and negligent act. It provides punishment for those cases which under English law are termed manslaughter by negligence. The original Penal Code had no provision for punishment in those cases where a person causes death of another by negligence. That is to say, liability for causing death was limited only… Read More »