Category Archives: Criminal Procedure

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 is the procedural law providing the machinery for punishment of offenders under substantive criminal law.

Define and distinguish between Complaint and First Information Report

Question: Define and distinguish between Complaint and First Information Report [U.P.C.J. 1991] Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define and distinguish between Complaint and First Information Report.] Answer FIR is not defined in the code. However, it can be said to be information given to the police first in point of time relating to……...

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Define and distinguish between Compoundable and Non Compoundable Cases

Questions: Define and distinguish between Compoundable and Non compoundable Cases. [D.J.S. 1989]  Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define and distinguish between Compoundable and Non compoundable Cases.] Answer Compoundable offences are those offences where, the complainant, enters into a compromise, and agrees to have the charges dropped against the accused. However, such a compromise……...

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Define and distinguish between Complaint and information

Question: Define and distinguish between Complaint and information.  Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define and distinguish between Complaint and information.]  Answer FIR is not defined in the code. However, it can be said to be information given to the police first in point of time relating to a cognizable offence. The complaint is……...

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Define and distinguish between Inquiry and Trial

Question: Define and distinguish between Inquiry and Trial [U.P.C.J. 1987]  Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define and distinguish between Inquiry and Trial.] Answer The term “Inquiry” means every inquiry other than a trial, conducted by a Magistrate or the Court. The Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, defines the term inquiry in Section 2(g)….…...

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Define and distinguish between Summons and Warrant Case

Question: Define and distinguish between Summons and Warrant Case. [DJS 1973, DJS 1989, B & JJS 1984]  Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define and distinguish between Summons and Warrant Case.] Answer As per Section 2(w) of CrPC, “Summons- case” means a case relating to an offence, and not being a warrant- case. Summons……...

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Define and distinguish between Acquittal and Discharge

Question: Define and distinguish between Acquittal and Discharge [U.P.C.J. 1991, HR 2011 UPHJS 20012, DJS, 1989] Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define and distinguish between Acquittal and Discharge.] Answer As per Section 227, if, upon consideration of the record of the case and the documents submitted therewith, and after hearing the submissions of……...

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Write a short note on Police Report

Question: Write a short note on Police Report [R.J.S. 1976]  Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Write a short note on Police Report.] Answer As per section 2(r) of CrPC, the expression “police report” has been defined under the Code of Criminal Procedure as meaning a report forwarded by a Police Officer to a……...

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Write a short note on Pleader

Question: Write a short note on Pleader. Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Write a short note on Pleader.] Answer As per section 2(q) of CrPC, “pleader”, when used with reference to any proceeding in any Court, means a person authorized by or under any law for the time being in force, to practice……...

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Write a short note on Public Prosecutor

Question: Write a short note on Public Prosecutor [R.J.S. 1984]    Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Write a short note on Public Prosecutor.] Answer In this justice delivery system, the person which represents the state is known as a “Public Prosecutor”. He acts as an agent of the state and represents the common interest……...

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Define and distinguish between Cognizable and Non cognizable offences

Question: Define and distinguish between Cognizable and Non cognizable offences; [U.P.C.J. 2015, RJS 1979, DJS 2007, HJS 1999]  Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define and distinguish between Cognizable and Non cognizable offences.] Answer As per section 2(c) of the CrPC, a cognizable offence is an offence in which the police officer as per……...

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