Law is that element which binds the members of the community together in their adherence to recognised values and standards. The foundations of international law (or the law of nations) as it is understood today lie firmly in the development of Western culture and political organization. The growth of European notions of sovereignty and the independent nation-state required an acceptable method whereby inter-state relations could be conducted in accordance with commonly accepted standards of behaviour, and international law filled the gap. But although the law of nations took root and flowered with the sophistication of Renaissance Europe, the seeds of this particular hybrid plant are of far older lineage.
Research Methodology is systematic approach and methods of study concerning for obtaining new knowledge and generalization and the formulation of theories.
Nature And Scope Of Study
Non empirical research work has been used in this project as the material in this project mainly consists of the work of people which is already done. The project is basically doctrinal in nature. Citations are also provided wherever they were necessary.
Sources Of Data
This Project is made on the basis of secondary sources of information, which include:
- Books, and
- Information from the internet.
While the modern international system can be traced back some 400 years, certain of the basic concepts of International Law can be discerned in political relationships thousands of years ago. Around 2100 BC, a solemn treaty was signed between the rulers of Lagash and Umma, the city- states situated in the area known to historians as Mesopotamia. It was inscribed on a stone block and concerned the establishment of a defined boundary to be respected by both sides under pain of alienating a number of Sumerian gods. The next major instance known of an important, binding, International treaty is that concluded over 1,000 years later between Rameses II of Egypt and the king of Hittites for the establishment of eternal peace and brotherhood.