There have been a spate of high-profile Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) transactions in India in the last few years, whether domestic or international and both inbound and outbound. M&A is the path businesses take to achieve exponential and not just linear growth and therefore continues to generate interest. Essentially all laws governing M&A transactions are in a state of evolution. Companies are still straddling two Companies Acts—1956 and 2013. Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) laws are constantly being amended and revamped to bring in additional safeguards for the minority investor community. The Central Government has revised the merger control thresholds under the Competition Act, 2002 and brought an amendment to the Target Exemption. Every transaction is now subject to public scrutiny. This book seeks to provide guidance on how the different facets of commercial law are impacting M&A transactions. It further seeks to provide guidance on changes required in the Indian context to ease and/or further regulate M&A in India.