Category Archives: Indian Legal System

Indian Legal System

Constitutional History of India

The article is about the constitutional history of India containing the various charters and acts of the then government: British India. Introduction – Constitutional History of India The various acts, legislation, rules, and procedure in the country today are derived from various charters passed by the Britishers, who ruled India for around 300 years. Various charters were passed by… Read More »


THE ADALAT SYSTEM In 1765, the company entered into an agreement with the Emperor whereby it obtained the diwani of the three provinces of the Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. In Warren Hastings prepared the first judicial plan. It was the first step to regulate machinery of administration of justice and the plan being a landmark in the ial… Read More »


ESTABLISHMENT OF HIGH COURTS In one thousand eight hundred sixty one, the British Parliament passed the Indian High Courts Act which provided for the establishment of the High Courts at the Presidency Towns. The Act also authorised the Crown to establish more High Courts by Letters Patent whenever the Crown (the Queen) deemed fit. The constitutions of the… Read More »


NYAYA PANCHAYATS The village panchayats constitute very old and traditional/administrative institution in India. With the decline of Mughal empire and advent of British power, this institution lost its prestige and importance. But, during the later part of the British period they made some effort to restore the condition of village panchayat with Village Court Acts of 1888. which… Read More »


GROWTH OF LEGAL PROFESSION IN INDIA The complex legal system of today cannot exist without its experts. A lawyer is a person who possesses expert knowledge of law and has practical skill in its working. In India lawyers are officers of the court helping judges in the administration of justice. A well organized and independent legal profession is… Read More »


REFORMS OF CORNWALLIS The Governor -Generalship of Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793) constitutes a very remarkable and a highly creative period in Indian legal history. He thoroughly reorganised the judicial system. He introduced for the first time the principle of administration according to law. He made very important and far-reaching reforms in the judicial administration, some of the basic principles… Read More »


THE MAYOR’S COURT The charter of 1726 provided for the establishment of a corporation in each presidency town. The charter is considered to be an important landmark in the history of legal system in India as it introduced the English laws into the country. Factors Leading to the Establishment of Mayor’s Court Before 1726 there were different judicial… Read More »

Abolition of Dual Judicial System

The 1857 revolt/mutiny opened the eyes of the British Parliament to the corrupt administration of the Company and to the total lack and complete dissatisfaction of the natives with the administration of justice in India. It was felt that more and more natives should be allowed to participate in the governance of the country if the British were… Read More »