Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of  Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

Sexual Offences Under Indian Penal Code

Sexual Offences Under Indian Penal Code | Overview Sexual Offences Under IPC Rape Circumstances: Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse Who Can Give Consent: Limitations to Person Giving Consent What Is Not Rape: Circumstances Which Are Not Amounting to Rape Punishment for Rape Case Studies: Sexual Offences Under Indian Penal Code Sexual Intercourse Not Amounting to Rape The category sexual offences… Read More »

Wrongful Restraint And Wrongful Confinement: Overview

Wrongful Restraint And Wrongful Confinement | Overview Wrongful Restraint Wrongful Confinement Difference Between Wrongful Restraint And Wrongful Confinement Right to Liberty Confinement? Or restraint? What does the law punish? The article focuses on “what wrongful restraint is?” and “what wrongful confinement is?”. Further, the article focuses on the essentials and the difference between the two. The punishments and… Read More »

Criminal Force & Assault: Meaning, Essentials, Explanation & Difference

This article “Criminal Force And Assault” deals with the meaning, essentials, explanation, difference between Force, Criminal Force and Assault, Aggravated Forms of Assault or Use of Criminal Force and their Specific Sections under Indian Penal Code. Further, the difference between sexual assault, rape and attempt to rape is also explained briefly. The assault having several aggravated forms in… Read More »

Right of Private Defence

Right of Private Defence | Overview Introduction Basis Of The Right Of Private Defence Right of Private Defence is Essentially Defensive and not a Punitive Right Right Of Private Defence Not Available Against Lawful Acts Limits Of The Right Of Private Defence When The Right Of Private Defence Of The Body Extends To Causing Death When The Right… Read More »

Unnatural Offences: Essentials, Explanation & Constitutionality of 377

Unnatural Offences: Essentials, Explanation & Constitutionality of 377 | Overview Introduction to Unnatural Offences Penetration: What act is considered as penetration as per law Constitutional Validity: Third Gender and Section 377 Recognition to the LGBTQ People This article focuses on what is known as unnatural offences, its related section in the Indian Penal code. What exactly does penetration… Read More »

Death by Negligence – Meaning, Essentials, Difference & Punishment

Death by Negligence – Meaning, Essentials, Difference & Punishment | Overview Meaning: ‘Death by Negligence’ Essentials of Death By Negligence Act must be Rash or Negligent Difference between Rash and Negligent Act Punishment and Discretion of Court This article on ‘Death by Negligence’ discusses the meaning, essentials of that section, the difference between being rash and being negligent.… Read More »