Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of  Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

False Evidence and Offence against Public Justice

Offences pertinent to false evidence and offences opposing the public justice is dealt with in Chapter XI of the Indian Penal Code. Hereunder are the two division of the categories into which the offences can be divided: Giving or fabrication of false evidence (Section 191 – 200) Offences opposing public justice (Section 201 – 229A) I. Giving False… Read More »

Culpable Homicide and Murder: Meaning, Explanation and Difference

Culpable Homicide and Murder: Meaning, Explanation and Difference | Overview Culpable Homicide Other kinds of Culpable Homicide Murder Difference between Culpable Homicide and Murder This article talks about culpable homicide and murder. It gives a detailed explanation about what are the sections pertaining to said topics in the Indian Penal Code, its essentials and respective case laws for… Read More »

Hurt and Grievous Hurt: Concept and Explanation

Hurt and Grievous Hurt | Overview Hurt (Section 319) Grievous Hurt (Section 320) Grievous Hurt resulting in Death Voluntarily causing hurt: Section 321 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt: Section 322 Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means: Section 324 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means: Section 326 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by use of acid,… Read More »

Offence of Abetment

Offence of Abetment | Overview Introduction Abetment of a thing: S. 107 Abettor: S.108 Punishment for Abetment: S. 110-114 Chapter V of the Indian Penal Code deals with the offences related to abetment. The English have similar laws governing the liability of person involved in abetting the commission of an offence. I. Introduction A person not committing a… Read More »

Kinds Of Punishments

Kinds Of Punishments | Overview Introduction Kinds Of Punishments Capital Punishment Imprisonment Levying of penalty Forfeiture of Property Contemporary Penal System Conclusion There are five different kinds of punishments awarded by the Indian Penal Code, 1860 under Section 53, and they are Death, Life imprisonment, Simple or rigorous imprisonment, Fine and Forfeiture of property. Introduction The practice of… Read More »

Offences Against Public Tranquillity

Offences Against Public Tranquillity | Overview Unlawful Assembly: Section 141 Rioting: S. 146 – 148 Affray: S. 159 Promoting Enmity between Classes: S. 153A, 153B, 153AA This article “Offences Against Public Tranquility” deals with the offence of Unlawful Assembly, Rioting, Affray and Promoting Enmity between Classes in detail. I. Unlawful Assembly: Section 141 The overall idea behind criminalizing of… Read More »

Crime And Elements Of Crime

Crime And Elements Of Crime | Overview Actus Reus Act to Forbidden by Law Causation in Crime Principle of Ordinary Hazard Principle of Reasonable Foresight Unexpected Interventions Mens Rea This article discusses Crime and its elements. Criminal liability of a person is based on the fundamental principles of the commission of a wrongful act- actus reus, combined with… Read More »

History of Punishment

History of Punishment | Overview Introduction Ancient Penal Law Hindu Law Muslim Law Development of Punishment Before And After Prisons Were Built Capital Punishment This article titled “History of Punishment” provides an insight into the development of punishments for every criminal activity. The concept of punishment is based on the principle of lex talionis which means “the law… Read More »