Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

‘A’ find that ‘B’, a feeble old woman, was stealing his crops. ‘A’ beat her so violently that she died on the spot. ‘A’ was prosecuted under Section 302, I.P.C for the murder of ‘B’.

Question: ‘A’ find that ‘B’, a feeble old woman, was stealing his crops. ‘A’ beat her so violently that she died on the spot. ‘A’ was prosecuted under Section 302, I.P.C for the murder of ‘B’. ‘A’ took the defence that he killed ‘B’ in the exercise of ‘right of private defence’. Is the defence of ‘A’ sustainable… Read More »

‘A’ is attacked by a mob that attempts to kill him. ‘A’ in the exercise of his right of private defence fires at the mob killing one of the several children mingled with the mob. What offence, if any, is committed by ‘A’?

Question: ‘A’ is attacked by a mob that attempts to kill him. ‘A’ in the exercise of his right of private defence fires at the mob killing one of the several children mingled with the mob. What offence, if any, is committed by ‘A’? [HR.J.S. 1995 (II) R.J.S. 1986, WBCJ, 1995, MPCJ. PT. 1986] Find the answer to… Read More »

A asked to B to help him in committing the murder of C. B agrees but nothing is subsequently done in pursuance of such an agreement. Can A and B be charged with the offence of conspiracy?

Question: A asked B to help him in committing the murder of C. B agrees but nothing is subsequently done in pursuance of such an agreement. Can A and B be charged with the offence of conspiracy? [H.R.J.S. 2003] Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [A asked to B to help him in committing… Read More »

Amar drew a loaded revolver completely from his pocket but his arm was seized by Balwant before Amar could take any aim at Balwant and before struggling Amar said several times to Balwant, I will kill you…

Question: Amar drew a loaded revolver completely from his pocket but his arm was seized by Balwant before Amar could take any aim at Balwant and before struggling Amar said several times to Balwant, I will kill you but he could not press the trigger of the revolver. Can Amar be convicted for an attempt to murder? Give… Read More »

What are the essentials of an attempt to murder under Section 307? Or State the law relating to an attempt to commit murder.

Question: What are the essentials of an attempt to murder under Section 307? Or State the law relating to an attempt to commit murder. Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [What are the essentials of an attempt to murder under Section 307? Or State the law relating to an attempt to commit murder] Answer Section 307… Read More »

A while driving his car in a rash and negligent manner causes the death of B, C, D, and E at different points of the same road on the same night. The prosecution alleged that it is a case of commission of offenses under Section 304 of IPC. It is argued….

Question: A while driving his car in a rash and negligent manner causes the death of B, C, D, and E at different points of the same road on the same night. The prosecution alleged that it is a case of commission of offenses under Section 304 of IPC. It is argued on behalf of the accused that… Read More »

A quarrel cropped up between A and B and A slapped on the face of B. With this blow, B lost the balance of his body and fell down on a large stone behind him. A serious wound was caused…

Question: A quarrel cropped up between A and B and A slapped on the face of B. With this blow, B lost the balance of his body and fell down on a large stone behind him. A serious wound was caused in the head of B and he died. Is A guilty of the offence of causing death… Read More »