Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of  Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

Trivial Acts | Section 95 in The Indian Penal Code 1860

Trivial Acts | Section 95 in The Indian Penal Code 1860 | Overview Introduction – Trivial Acts Harm- Meaning Offences that relate to a women’s modesty Offences under public welfare enactments Compounding of trivial offences Trivial acts are justifiable acts and ultimately exempt an individual from criminal liability. Every penal rule is subject to several limitations and no… Read More »

Offences Relating to Documents and Property Marks

Offences Relating to Documents and Property Marks | Overview Offences Relating to Documents (Sections 463 to 477A) Nature and Scope of sections 463, 464, 465 IPC Making a False Electronic Record  or False Document Forged Document Comprehends Creating a New Document Making Documents by Mechanical Means Forging a Document by Affixing Own Signature Aggravated Forms of Forgery Forgery… Read More »

Offences Relating to Weights and Measures

Offences Relating to Weights and Measures | Overview Fraudulent use of the false instrument for weighing Fraudulent use of false weight or measure Being in possession of false weight or measure Making or selling false weight or measure Proposal for Reforms Chapter XIII, IPC, deals with weight and measure offences. With regard to any standard weight or measure,… Read More »

Insight to The General Exceptions Of IPC

Insight to The General Exceptions Of IPC | Overview Mistake of Facts Judicial Acts: S. 77-78 Accident and Misfortune: S. 80 – 81 Infancy: S. 82 – 83 Insanity or Mental Abnormality: S. 82 – 83 Intoxication: S. 85 – 86 Consent and Compulsion: S. 87 – 94 Trivial Acts: S. 95 Private Defence: S. 96 – 106 Chapter IV of the Indian Penal Code deals… Read More »

Evolution Of Law Of Crime Over The Years

Evolution Of Law Of Crime Over The Years | Overview Introduction Judiciary in Ancient India Criminal Law System in the Mughal Period Salient features of Muslim Criminal Law System Defects of Muslim Law Changes in Criminal Law Codification of Laws This article discusses the evolution Of Law Of Crime over the years. he contemporary criminal law framework of… Read More »

Commutation of Death Sentence and Life Imprisonment

Commutation of Death Sentence and Life Imprisonment | Overview Introduction Commutation of Sentence in Criminal Law Procedure for Granting a Pardon Case Laws Conclusion Introduction Commutation of a sentence means the process of substituting the sentence provided by a competent with a lesser or lighter sentence. The head of the state has the supreme authority to exercise the… Read More »

Acts Done Under Compulsion | Section 94 IPC

Acts Done Under Compulsion | Section 94 IPC | Overview Acts Done Under Compulsion Exclusion of Murder and Offences Against the State Punishable with Death The threat of Instant Death The threat should be Present at the Time of Doing the Act Proviso and Explanations to Section 94 IPC The doctrine of compulsion and necessity The article discusses… Read More »

Act Done With Consent

Act Done With Consent | Overview Consent Meaning Provisions under IPC, 1860 for the acts done with Consent Misconception of Fact Absence of Knowledge Express or Implied Consent Evidence The article discusses the Act Done with Consent under IPC. Chapter IV of the IPC, entitled ‘General Exceptions’, containing sections 76 to 106, exempts persons from criminal liability. An… Read More »

Act Done By A Person Under Intoxication

Act Done By A Person Under Intoxication | Overview RELEVANT PROVISIONS UNDER THE IPC, 1860 FOR ACTS DONE BY A PERSON UNDER INTOXICATION INVOLUNTARY INTOXICATION Incapable of knowing the nature and consequences of the act Without his ‘knowledge’ or ‘against his will’ VOLUNTARY INTOXICATION Presumption of Knowledge Voluntary Intoxication and Intention The article discusses the act done by… Read More »