Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

Define, Explain and Illustrate the Offence of Housebreaking

Question: Define, explain and illustrate the offence of Housebreaking. Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define, explain and illustrate the offence of Housebreaking.] Answer If criminal trespass, as mentioned earlier, is committed in a violent way, it is designated as house-breaking. Section 445, which defines the offence of house-breaking, reads as under: House-breaking—… Read More »

Distinguish with an illustration between house-trespass and house-breaking.

Question: Distinguish with an illustration between House-trespass and house-breaking. Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Distinguish with an illustration between House-trespass and house-breaking.] Answer If the offence of house-trespass is further aggravated by the entry or departure of a forcible nature or entry or departure, through any passage not intended for human entrance… Read More »

Define Forgery. What are its ingredients?

Question: Define Forgery. What are its ingredients? [R.J.S. 1997] Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [Define Forgery. What are its ingredients?] Answer Forgery, which is an offence under the Indian Penal Code 1860 is defined in section 463. The very basis of the offence of forgery is the making of false documents with… Read More »

Criminal breach of trust | X, while going on a journey, entrusts his diamond ring to Y. Y sells the diamond ring. What offence, if any has been committed by Y. [UPCJ.1990]

Criminal breach of trust | Question: X, while going on a journey, entrusts his diamond ring to Y. Y sells the diamond ring. What offence, if any has been committed by Y. [UPCJ.1990] Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. Criminal breach of trust | [X, while going on a journey, entrusts his diamond… Read More »

Dishonest Misappropriation of Property | A is on a train journey. He takes the suitcase having money and valuable ornaments of B believing to be his own… Is A guilty of ‘dishonest misappropriation of property? Give reasons.

Dishonest Misappropriation of Property | Question: A is on a train journey. He takes the suitcase having money and valuable ornaments of B believing to be his own, as the suitcase of B was of the same colour, size and company, which the suitcase of A had. Is A guilty of ‘dishonest misappropriation of property’? Give reasons. Find… Read More »

Extortion | A threatens to B that he will be implicated in a false criminal case if he does not give 50,000 rupees to him. B gives Rs. 50,000 to him. Is A guilty of the offense of extortion? Give reasons. Refer to the case law also, if any, on the point.

Question: Extortion | A threatens to B that he will be implicated in a false criminal case if he does not give 50,000 rupees to him. Consequently, B gives Rs. 50,000 to him. Is A guilty of the offence of extortion? Give reasons. Refer to the case law also, if any, on the point. Find the answer to the… Read More »

Criminal Dishonest Misappropriation | A, a Govt. officer earned a lot of money by taking bribes. From certain sources, he came to know that C.B.I. is likely to raid his house. Has B committed the offence of `criminal (dishonest) misappropriation’ under Section 403, I.P.C.?

Criminal Dishonest Misappropriation | Question: A, a Govt. officer earned a lot of money by taking bribes. From certain sources, he came to know that C.B.I. is likely to raid his house. As a result of the apprehension of recovery of the bribe money, he manages to keep some amount with his relatives. In hurry, he could not… Read More »

Criminal Misappropriation or Cheating? | [A and B were about to travel by the same train from Varanasi city. B, under the pretence of returning A’s ticket, substituted from one of his own and kept A’s ticket….. Is B guilty of `criminal misappropriation’ under Section 403 or of ‘cheating’?]

Criminal Misappropriation or Cheating? | Question: A and B were about to travel by the same train from Varanasi city. A had a ticket for Ayodhaya, B had two tickets for Varanasi cantonment. A voluntarily handed over her ticket to B in order that he might tell her if it was right. B, under the pretence of returning… Read More »

Criminal misappropriation | A finds a spanner of no appreciable value on a public road. He was caught by police…sell the spanner. Has A committed the offence of criminal misappropriation or attempt to criminal misappropriation? Give reasons and also refer to case law, if any, on the point?

Question: Criminal misappropriation | A finds a spanner of no appreciable value on a public road. He was caught by police when he was making an attempt to sell the spanner to B. Has A committed the offence of criminal misappropriation or attempt to criminal misappropriation? Give reasons and also refer to case law, if any, on the point?… Read More »