Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of  Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

Accident and Necessity

Accident and Necessity | Overview Introduction to Section 80 Nature & Scope of Section 80 IPC, 1860 The act was an Accident or Misfortune The Accident was not caused by any criminal intention or knowledge The consequence of lawful actions carried out by lawful means Proper Care and Caution Introduction to Section 81 Doctrine of Necessity Preventing or… Read More »

The Doctrine of Mens Rea

The Doctrine of Mens Rea Mens rea refers to the mental element necessary for a particular crime. Mental element may be either intention to do the act or bring about the consequence or in some crimes recklessness as to that consequence. It implies a blameworthy condition of mind which involves a knowledge of the character of the act… Read More »

Excusable General Exceptions under Indian Penal Code – Explanation with Important Case Laws

Introduction The criminal law outlines different punishments for various crimes. But a person may not always be punished for a crime that he/she has committed. The Indian Penal Code, 1860 recognizes defenses in chapter four under the heading ‘General Exceptions.’ Sections 76 to 106 of the IPC cover these defenses. The law offers certain defenses that exculpate criminal… Read More »

Exceptions to Offence of Murder under Section 300 IPC

Clauses 1-4 of Section 300 provide the essential ingredients, wherein culpable homicide amounts to murder. Section 300 after laying down the cases in which culpable homicide becomes murder, states certain exceptional situations under which, if murder is committed, it is reduced to culpable homicide not amounting to murder punishable under section 304, IPC and not under section 302,… Read More »