Category Archives: International Law

International Law is composed of the laws, rules, and principles of general application that deal with the conduct of nation states and international organizations among themselves as well as the relationships between nation states and international organizations with persons, whether natural or juridical.

International Court of Justice – All you need to know

International Court of justice – ICJ is a principal organ under International law, created to resolve the disputes between the states. It bears a great responsibility in resolving International disputes. The International Court of Justice is the successor of the Permanent Court of Justice. I. Introduction and Historical Perspective of International Court of Justice The idea to create……...

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Nationality, Citizenship and Statelessness

Introduction Nationality is a highly sensitive issue as it is a manifestation of a country’s sovereignty and identity as a country. “It is for each State to determine under its own law who are its nationals. This law shall be recognized by other States in so far as it is consistent with international conventions, international custom, and the principles……...

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Principle of Non-Refoulement

The principle of non-refoulement is most often referred to in the context of refugee protection, given its codification in Article 33 of the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (Refugee Convention) and in regional refugee law instruments. I. Introduction Refoulement translated roughly as ‘turning back’ of refugees, includes both the rejection of refugees at the border as well……...

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Law of War under International Law

The Law of war is the part of international law which deals with the commencement, demeanour, and termination of warfare. Its aim is to limit the suffering caused to combatants and, more particularly, to those who may be described as the victims of war—that is noncombatant civilians and those no longer able to take part in hostilities. Thus,……...

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Aliens – Admission, Expulsion and Rights under International Law

Introduction The term ‘Alien’ is generally associated with extraterrestrial beings on spaceships in outer space. In the legal aspect though, it refers to a foreign-born resident who is not a citizen by virtue of parentage or naturalization and who is still a citizen or subject of another country. It essentially means those who live in a state other……...

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Extradition and Asylum

What is Extradition? Extradition is the conventional process in which a person is surrendered by one state to another on the basis of a treaty, or comity, or some bilateral arrangement between the two sovereign states. This request of extradition made by a sovereign state is usually initiated in the first place because the individual demanded by the……...

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Disarmament – Meaning, Efforts, Notable Treaties and Position of India

Introduction Disarmament in the broad sense means the total abolition of armaments of all types – conventional as well as nuclear. It is different from the regulation of armaments which means reduction and restriction of armaments. The desire for the total ban on armaments has been expressed time and again since the beginning of the 20th century, but……...

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Law of the Sea – History, Evolution and Provisions

Introduction Law of the sea has developed steadily and gradually since the time of Grotius. Earlier the powerful States laid extensive claims of sovereignty over specific portions of the open sea. With the developments in trade and commerce in the 20th century and the realization of the inexhaustible use of the sea, the classic principle of ‘mare liberium’ ……...

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Territorial Sea – Meaning, Breadth and the Rights of States

Introduction Territorial sea is that part of the sea which is adjacent to the coastal State and which is bounded by the high seas on its outer edge. The Coastal State exercises its sovereignty over this area as it exercises over its internal waters. The sovereignty extends to the airspace over the territorial sea as well as its……...

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Continental Shelf – Meaning, Principle and Case Laws

Introduction The concept of the continental shelf is mainly co-related with an exploitation of the natural resources from the sea adjacent to the territorial sea. This was one of the important developments after the Second World War in relation to the law of the sea was the evolution and acceptance of the concept of the continental shelf. The……...

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