Category Archives: Labour Law

Labour Law

Equal Pay For Equal Work: Concept and Case Laws

I. Basic Introduction Equal pay for equal work means that in an economy where we are heading towards more and more globalization and still there are discriminations in matters related to equal pay not only in India but also widely in other countries also there is discrimination of equal pay for equal work. II. Indian Constitution Perspective As… Read More »

Factories Act, 1948 – History, Objective & Applicability

Introduction The factory is a building or premise where people use machines and physical labour to produce goods. The factories act, 1948 were passed by the constituent assembly on 28th August 1948, the governor-general of India gave his assent on September 23, 1948, and it came into force on 1st April 1949. It provides safeguards to health, safety… Read More »

Minimum Wages Act, 1948: Important Provisions

The Minimum Wages Act plays a major role in the Indian economy, where there are mostly manual labour’s who are exploited by employers in various industries. In order to curb such situations and to provide minimum wages to skilled and unskilled workers is one of the principles of the state. The provisions of the Act are intended to… Read More »

Minimum Wages Act, 1948: History, Objective & Applicability

Introduction The Minimum wages act is to fix minimum wages to the workers including skilled or unskilled workers in the industry. The Act came into force after World War II in 1948. India is one of the developing countries with a number of unemployed, therefore the employers exploit the manual labourers by fixing low wages which is insufficient… Read More »

Lay-off, Retrenchment and Closure: An Overview

Lay-off, Retrenchment and Closure | Overview Introduction Lay-off Conditions to be fulfilled by the laid-off workman for claiming a compensation Retrenchment Essential conditions to be fulfilled prior to retrenchment Procedure of Retrenchment Important Judgments Closure Conclusion Introduction Lay-Off, Retrenchment and Closure are three case scenarios contemplated in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, which essentially results in employees losing… Read More »

Mechanisms For Settlement Of Industrial Disputes

Mechanisms For Settlement Of Industrial Disputes | Overview Mechanisms For Settlement Of Industrial Disputes Bipartite Settlement Tripartite Settlement Voluntary Arbitration (Section 10A) Investigating Industrial Disputes Adjudication of Industrial Disputes The article deals with the various mechanisms for settlement of Industrial Disputes, thus providing an alternative for the adjudication of justice. The process and remedy involved work clearly in… Read More »

Strikes And Lockouts: Concept, Explanation and Case Laws

Strikes And Lockouts: Concept, Explanation and Case Laws | Overview Strikes – Introduction Types of Strikes Important case laws Lockout Prohibition of Strikes and Lockouts in Public Utilities General Prohibition of Strikes and Lockouts Illegal strikes and Lockouts This article deals with the concept of strikes and lockouts that are essential weapons of the Industry. They provide a… Read More »

Right to Strike and Constitutional Validity

Right to Strike and Constitutional Validity | Overview Introduction Legislative Provisions related to Strike – A defensible rationale Consequences of Illegal Strike Article 19(1)(c) and the Right to Strike Conclusion The right to strike has been recognized under various national and international statutes. Strike is the collective stoppage of work by concerted refusal to work by a body… Read More »

Rights and Liabilities of a Registered Trade Union Explained

Rights and Liabilities of a Registered Trade Union Explained | Overview Rights and liabilities of a registered trade union Right to establish a general and political fund Immunity from certain criminal and civil proceedings Right to a peaceful strike Right to enforce agreements Right to inspect books Rights of minors to membership of trade unions Right to change… Read More »

Indian Trade Unionism and its Weaknesses

Indian Trade Unionism and its Weaknesses | Overview Introduction: Indian Trade unionism and its weaknesses Conceptual Backdrops of Trade Unionism Objectives of trade unions Trade unionism in India / Growth of Trade Union movements in India The First Workers’ Organisation in India Role of Trade unions Functions of Trade Unions Functions relating to trade union members Weakness of… Read More »