Facts showing the State of Mind

Certain offences are culpable on the basis of the state of mind of the accused. In order to prove such offences, certain facts which show the existence of a particular state of mind are relevant and admissible as evidence. Section 14 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, embodies this particular rule. It reads as follows, “Facts showing the… Read More »

National Commission For Women

The National Commission for Women was constituted under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (NCW Act) on 31 January 1992 to exercise powers and perform functions assigned. Introduction The Preamble of India espouses equality of status and of opportunity along with the provision of Article 14 of the Indian Constitution which embodies the principle of equality. However, the… Read More »

Historical Development of Muslim Law

This article aims at looking into the historical development of Muslim Law in India. It is commonly known that Shariat law was followed by Muslims in ancient India. Shariat law is applicable to those persons who enjoin the faith of Islamic law. However, persons who do not follow the Islamic religion in an Islamic State are not subject… Read More »

Commutation of Death Sentence and Life Imprisonment

Introduction Commutation of a sentence means the process of substituting the sentence provided by a competent with a lesser or lighter sentence. The head of the state has the supreme authority to exercise the executive power for granting pardon after taking into account several reasons and circumstances which may not be apposite for consideration before the courts. There… Read More »

Jurisprudence: Meaning, Importance and Indian Perspective

Jurisprudence is the study of the Theory and Philosophy of Law. This article focuses on factual information concerning the subject. There are several ideas with regards to the meaning of jurisprudence and its nature. Definition and Meaning The term ‘jurisprudence’ has been derived from the Latin term ‘jurisprudentia’ which literally translates to ‘knowledge of law’ or ‘skill in… Read More »

Relation between Law and Morality

Several jurists and thinkers have often deliberated upon the unique relationship between law and morality. While positivists have strongly contended that law should be studied in complete isolation from ideas such as that of morality, there is a general agreement amongst law-makers regarding the important part played by morals in effective law-making. Let us evaluate the relation between… Read More »