Writ Jurisdictions of the Supreme Court and High Courts

A writ is a quick remedy against injustice, a device for the protection of the rights of citizens against any encroachment by the governmental authority. writs originated in Britain where they were king’s or queen’s ‘prerogative’ writs and were commands to the judicial tribunals or other bodies to do or not to do something. Since writs carried the……...

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Emergency Provisions | Explained

The term ’emergency’ may be defined as ‘a difficult situation arising suddenly and demanding immediate action by public authorities under powers specially granted to them by the constitution or otherwise to meet such exigencies’. Dr. Ambedkar claimed that the Indian federation was unique inasmuch as in times of emergency it could convert itself into an entirely unitary state….…...

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Special Status of Jammu and Kashmir

This article titled ‘Special Status of Jammu and Kashmir.’ is written by Mayank Shekhar and discusses Article 370 and its aborgation. I. Introduction The Part XXI of the Constitution of India dealt with “Temporary, Transitional and Special provisions”, Article 370 was a temporary provision granting special autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Temporary, Transitional and Special……...

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Distribution of Power between Union and State

Distribution of Power: Legislative Relations between Centre and State | Overview Introduction: Distribution of Power Territorial Jurisdiction Jurisdiction with respect to the subject-matter Principles of Interpretation of the Lists Residuary Power Repugnancy between Central and State Law Parliamentary Legislation in the State Field The doctrine of distribution of power is a typical feature of federalism. In Federalism, the……...

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Freedom of Trade Commerce and Intercourse: Explained

Part XIII of the constitution contains provisions relating to the freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse within the territory of India. Freedom of Trade Commerce and Intercourse The provisions are laid down in articles 301-307. While the general rule of freedom of trade and intercourse is enunciated in article 301, it may be subjected to restrictions laid down……...

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Salient Features of Constitution of India

The constitution of India is unique in many ways. It has several special features that distinguish it from other constitutions of the world such as: Salient Features of Constitution of India 1. Size of the Constitution It is the lengthiest Constitution ever given to any nation. It is a very comprehensive document and includes many matters which could……...

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The Adalat System: History and Practice

This article on the Adalat System sheds light on the historical background and practice of courts in India. The Adalat System: History and Practice In 1765, the company entered into an agreement with the Emperor whereby it obtained the Diwani of the three provinces of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. It was Warren Hastings who prepared the first judicial……...

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Establishment of High Courts in India

This article deals with the establishment of High Courts in India. In 1861, the British Parliament passed the Indian High Courts Act which provided for the establishment of the High Courts at the Presidency Towns. The Act also authorised the Crown to establish more High Courts by Letters Patent whenever the Crown (the Queen) deemed fit. The constitutions……...

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Nyaya Panchayats – History, Relevance and Need

The village panchayats or Nyaya panchayats constitute very old and traditional/administrative institutions in India. With the decline of the Mughal empire and the advent of British power, this institution lost its prestige and importance. But, during the later part of the British period, they made some effort to restore the condition of village panchayat with the Village Court Acts……...

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Growth of Legal Profession in India

This article traces the growth of Legal Profession in India. The complex legal system of today cannot exist without its experts. Growth of Legal Profession in India A lawyer is a person who possesses expert knowledge of the law and has practical skills in its working. In India, lawyers are officers of the court helping judges in the administration……...

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