Tag Archives: Criminal Law Notes

Culpable Homicide and Murder – Meaning and Difference

Homicide is the highest order bodily injury that can be inflicted on a human body. It has from earliest times been considered most heinous offences. The word comes from Latin where ‘homo’ means ‘man’ and ‘cide’ means ‘I cut’. Thus homicide means the killing of a man by man. The homicide may be lawful or unlawful. Culpable homicide means… Read More »

Exceptions to Offence of Murder under Section 300 IPC

Clauses 1-4 of Section 300 provide the essential ingredients, wherein culpable homicide amounts to murder. Section 300 after laying down the cases in which culpable homicide becomes murder, states certain exceptional situations under which, if murder is committed, it is reduced to culpable homicide not amounting to murder punishable under section 304, IPC and not under section 302,… Read More »

Assault, Sexual Harassment, Disrobing, Voyeurism and Stalking – Meaning and Provisions

Section 354, IPC has been enacted with a view to protect a woman against indecent assault as well as to safeguard public morality and decent behavior. In 2013 vide section 7 of the Criminal Law (Amendment)  Act 2013, four new sections 354A, 354B, 354C and 354D have been added in the code in order to deter criminals from indulging… Read More »

Kidnapping and Abduction – Provisions and Differences

Section 359 to 369 of the code have made kidnapping and abduction punishable with varying degree of severity according to nature and gravity of the offence. The underlying object of enacting these provisions is to secure the personal liberty of citizens, to give legal protection to children of tender age from being abducted or seduced for improper purposes… Read More »

Rape – Meaning, Essentials and Punishment

Rape – Meaning The word rape which is derived from the Latin term rapio which means ‘to seize’. Thus rape literally means a forcible seizure. It signifies in common terminology, ‘as ravishment of a woman without her consent, by force, fear, or fraud’ or “the carnal knowledge of a woman by force against her will”. In other words,… Read More »