Law Notes

Law Notes

Rape – Meaning, Essentials and Punishment

Rape – Meaning The word rape which is derived from the Latin term rapio which means ‘to seize’. Thus rape literally means a forcible seizure. It signifies in common terminology, ‘as ravishmen…

Theft and Extortion

Theft comes under the purview of offences against property which extends from section 378 to section 462. Theft has been dealt under section 378 to 382. Theft is an offence in which movable propert…

Cheating and related provisions

Introduction – Hawkins defines cheating as deceitful practices in defrauding or endeavoring to defraud another of his own right by means of some artful device contrary to the plane rule of co…

Sedition – Legal Provisions and Case Laws

Meaning Sedition in the ordinary sense means a stirring up of rebellion against the Government. Sedition is an offence against the state. Sedition is nothing but libel (defamation) of the establish…

Attempt in Criminal Law

Introduction An attempt to commit a crime is itself a crime. According to Salmond an attempt is an act of such a nature that it is itself evidence of the criminal intent with which it is done. Once…

Constitution of Criminal Courts and it’s Hierarchy

Introduction Administration of justice is the most important function of the state. For this purpose our constitution has set up a hierarchy of courts. The Supreme Court is the apex body, followed …

Functionaries under the Criminal Procedure Code 1973

In this section, we will discuss the important functionaries under the Criminal Procedure Code 1973.  They are – (a) Police, (b) Prosecutor, (c) Defence Counsel and (d) Prison Authorities. Im…

Penalties under Industrial Dispute Act 1947

Penalties under Industrial Dispute Act 1947 Industrial Dispute Act 1947 act to make provision for the investigation and settlement of industrial disputes, and for certain other purposes. The act la…

History and Development of Trade Union in India

History of Trade Union in India The trade union of India was historically developed from the trade union movement of India. Trade union movement in our country has a century-long history. The first…