Every month, we get the news about attacks on Syria. Bombing, gun fires, and the most recent and inhumane attack, chemical attack.
Some of us sympathize on social networking sites, some of us don’t care because of our busy life. Whatsoever our reaction is, we should at least know the reason behind these attacks.
- Long before the conflict began, Syrians complained about high unemployment, corruption, lack of political freedom and repression under President Assad.
- The demonstrations by the protests in Tunisia in December 2010 inspired Syrians too. In March 2011, pro-democracy demonstrations erupted in the southern city of Deraa, Syria.
- The government’s use of deadly force to crush the dissent soon triggered nationwide protests demanding the president’s resignation.
- As the battle intensified, opposition supporters began to take up arms, first to defend themselves and later to fight security forces from their local areas.
- The violence rapidly escalated and the country got into civil war as hundreds of rebel brigades were formed to battle government forces for control of the country.
Why has the war lasted so long?
Now, the battle is not just against the President, it is much more than that because of the intervention of regional and world powers, including Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia and the United States.
Their military, financial and political support for the government and opposition has contributed directly to the intensification and continuation of the fighting and turned Syria into a proxy battleground.
Other internal factors such as Sunni v/s Shia population, Jihadists’ groups are also contributing in continuing the war. The Islamic State is fighting with the government forces. They face air strikes by Russia and a US-led multinational coalition regularly.
This is just a very short summary of the reason for the war in Syria. As anyone can conclude, it is more of a political chaos than physical war. Every party, community, race .etc involved here just want dominance, nobody cares for the people. It is estimated that more than 4 lakh 70 thousand people have died since March 2011. Almost 85% of Syrians live in poverty, with more than 65% of the population in either extreme or abject poverty. More than 12.8 million people require health assistance, more than seven million are food insecure amid rising prices and food shortages. Households spend up to a quarter of their income just on water. Some 1.75 million children are out of school.
Just because of the greed of power of few parties, people are suffering for their basic fundamental rights and enjoyment of life.
The root of problems here is politics and the sufferers are innocent. The condition of Syria is an eye-opener for every country.
By – Shubham Sharma (student)
Source: bbc.com, UNO