Crime And Elements Of Crime

This article discusses Crime and its elements. Criminal liability of a person is based on the fundamental principles of the commission of a wrongful act- actus reus, combined with a wrongful intention- mens rea. This principle has been embodied in the maxim “actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea”, which means “an act does not make one… Read More »

History of Punishment

This article titled “History of Punishment” provides an insight into the development of punishments for every criminal activity. The concept of punishment is based on the principle of lex talionis which means “the law of retaliation, whereby a punishment resembles the offence committed in kind and degree”. Introduction Humankind is governed by punishments for every criminal activity as… Read More »

Sources of Muslim Law in India

The sources of Muslim law can be classified into two categories, i.e. (a) Primary Sources and (b) Secondary Sources. Primary sources are those sources which are based on religious beliefs mentioned in holy scriptures or books. And here the legislatures and judiciary are the secondary sources. Introduction Islam is one of the oldest and most followed religions in… Read More »

Facts showing the State of Mind

Certain offences are culpable on the basis of the state of mind of the accused. In order to prove such offences, certain facts which show the existence of a particular state of mind are relevant and admissible as evidence. Section 14 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, embodies this particular rule. It reads as follows, “Facts showing the… Read More »

National Commission For Women

The National Commission for Women was constituted under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (NCW Act) on 31 January 1992 to exercise powers and perform functions assigned. Introduction The Preamble of India espouses equality of status and of opportunity along with the provision of Article 14 of the Indian Constitution which embodies the principle of equality. However, the… Read More »