Candidates preparing for Jharkhand Judicial Services Exam should solve the Jharkhand Judicial Services Exam Mains 2018 Paper IV (English & Hindi).

Candidates preparing for the Jharkhand Judicial Services Exam should solve the Jharkhand Judicial Services Exam Mains 2018 (Paper-IV) and other previous year question papers before they face Prelims and Mains.

It also gives an idea about the syllabus and how to prepare the subjects by keeping the previous year's questions in mind. All toppers are mindful and cognizant of the types of questions asked by the Jharkhand Judicial Services, to be aware of the various tricks and types of questions. This should be done by every aspirant when starting their preparation. It is very important to have an overall understanding of the pattern and design of questions.

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Jharkhand Judicial Services Exam Mains 2018 Previous Year Paper-IV: English & Hindi

Only practising the authentic question papers will give you a real feel of the pattern and style of the questions. Here's Jharkhand Judicial Services Exam Mains 2018 Previous Year Paper-IV.

Jharkhand Judicial Services Mains Written Examination 2018
English & Hindi

Paper IV: English & Hindi
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 100
Note: Marks are indicated against each question

Candidate Questions are divided into two Parts, one English and other Hindi.
All questions are compulsory.

Part I: English

Question 1

Write an essay on any one of the following: [15 Marks]

(a) Women's Empowerment in India

(b) GST: Advantages and Disadvantages

(c) Skill Development and Employment

(d) Judicial Reforms in India

Question 2

Write a precis of the following passage. Add a suitable title to it. [10 Marks]

Our earth is very very old millions and millions of years old. And for a long time there were no men or women living on it. Before the men came there were only animals, and before the animals there was a time when no kind of life existed on the earth. It is difficult to imagine this world of ours, which is so full today of all kinds of animals and men, to be without them. But scientists and those who have studied and thought a great deal about these matters tell us that there was a time when the earth was too hot for any living being to the on it. And if we read their books and study the rocks and the fossils we can ourselves see that this must have been so.

You read history in books. But in old times when men did not exist surely no books could have been written. How then can we find out what happened then? We cannot merely sit down and imagine everything. This would be very interesting for we could imagine anything we wanted to and would thus make up the most beautiful fairy tales. But this need not be true as it would not based on any facts that we had seen. But although we have no books written those far off days, fortunately we have somethings which tell us a great deal as well as a book would. We have rocks and mountains and seas and stars and rivers and deserts and fossils of old animals.

These and other like things are out hooks for the earth's early story. And the real way to understand this story is not merely to read about it in other people's books but to go to the great Book Nature itself. You will 1 hope soon begin to learn how to read this dory from the rocks and mountains. Imagine how fascinating it is! Every little stone that you see lying on the road or on the mountain site may be a little page in Nature's back and may be able to tell you something if you only knew how to read it. To be able to read any Language Hindi or Urdu or English you have to learn its alphabet. So, also you must learn the alphabet of nature before you can read her story in her books of stone and rock. Even now perhaps you know a little how to read this.

Question 3

Write a paraphrase of the following: [15 Marks]

Philosophy has been closely related to science on the one hand, and to religion on the other. Let us consider first the relation to science. Until the eighteenth century science was included in what we commonly called 'Philosophy", but since that time the word Philosophy has been confined, on its theoretical side, to what is most speculative and general in the topics with which science deals. It is often said that philosophy is unprogressive, but this is largely a verbal matter as soon as a way is found of arriving at definite knowledge on some ancient question, the new knowledge is counted as belonging to "science' and 'philosophy" is deprived of the credit. In Greek times, and down to the time of Newton, planetary theory belonged to 'philosophy", because it was uncertain and speculative, but Newton took the subject out of the realm of the free play of hypothesis, and made it one requiring a different type of skill from that which it had required when it was still open to fundamental doubts. Anaximander in the Sixth century BC, had a theory of evolution, and mentioned that men are descended from fishes. This was philosophy, because it was a speculation unsupported by detailed evidence, but Darwin's theory of evolution was science, because it was based on the succession of forms of life as found in fossils, and upon the distribution of animals and plants in many parts of the world. Philosophical speculation as to what we do not yet know has shown itself a valuable preliminary to exact scientific knowledge. We may say that on its theoretical side philosophy consists, at least in part, in the framing of large general hypothesis which science is not yet in a position to test, but when it becomes possible to test the hypothesis they become, if verified, a part of science, and cease to count as 'philosophy'.

Question 4

Translate the following into English: [10 Marks]

किसी देश का विकास इस पर निर्भर करता है कि उस देश के लोग क्या सोचते हैं, कैसे सोचते हैं, कैसे व्यवहार करते हैं एवं अपने दायित्वों के प्रति कितने दृढसंकल्प है। ये गुण उनमें स्वत म्पूर्ण नहीं होते हैं बल्कि इन्हें लोगों में संगति, प्रशिक्षण एवं सकारात्मक उदाहरणों द्वारा समाहित करने पड़ते हैं। अतएव किमी भी सरकार को अपने नागरिकों के मानवीय मूल्यो एवं संसाधनों को जाग्रत कर उनका संवर्धन एवं पोषण करने की दिशा में अधिक बल देना चाहिए। इसमें सरकार की भूमिका एक सुविधादायक एवं संरक्षक संस्था के रूप में होना चाहिए, ताकि लोगों के मानवीय मूल्यों एवं क्षमताओं का भरपूर विकास हो सके।

Part II: Hindi

Question 5

निम्नलिखित में से किसी एक विषय पर निबंध लिखिए :

(i) जनसंख्या वृद्धि राष्ट्र के विकास में बाधक है।

(ii) देर से मिला न्याय, न्याय नहीं होता ।

(iii) पर्यावरण संरक्षण मानवता की रक्षा के लिए आवश्यक ।

(iv) भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था विकास की ओर अग्रसर है

Question 6

निम्नलिखित गद्यांश का संक्षेपण अपने शब्दों में कीजिए। [10 Marks]

संविधान के अनुसार काम करना नैतिकता है, लेकिन कभी-कभी संविधान बदलना पड़ता है या उसमें संशोधन भी करना पड़ता है। इसके कई तरीके हैं। इसमें व्यवस्था कर और संसार का कानून-कायदा तो काम करता ही है, लेकिन कभी-कभी नैतिक ताकत भी आवश्यक होती है। यह प्रयोग किया था महाकवि गोस्वामी तुलसीदास जी ने। हम उनसे यही सकते हैं कि एकरगाह के राज्य में उस संविधान में बड़ा मोधर कर दिया था, जिसमें लोगों को घुटन महसूस होती थी। उस संविधान संशाधन का नाम था रामचरितमानस यह है कि इसके पीछे सबसे बड़ी ताकत थी आध्यात्मिक चिन्दन और नैतिकता ।

Question 7

निम्नलिखित अवतरण का हिन्दी में अनुवाद कीजिए: [10 Marks]

We thus see that India was drying up and losing her creative genius and vitality. The process was a slow one and lasted several centuries, beginning in the north and finally reaching the south. What were the causes of this political decline and cultural stagnation Was this due to age alone, that seems to attack civilizations as it does individuals, or to a kind of tidal wave with its forward and backward motion? Or were external causes and invasions responsible for it Radhakrishnan says that Indian philosophy lost its vigour with the loss of political freedom.

Question 8

निम्नलिखित गद्यांश का भावानुवाद लिखिए: [15 Marks]

बिल पॉवर के दम पर भी कोई गंभीर रूप से घायल होने के बावजूद जिन्दा रह सकता है। आपकी इच्छा शक्ति प्रबल है तो आप विपरीत हालात से लड़कर जीत सकते हैं। ऐसा ही कुछ हुआ बेल्जियम की कोराइन बेस्टाइड के साथ। उनकी कार खाई में गिरकर दुर्घटनाग्रस्त हो गई। ये बुरी तरह घायल होकर छ दिन तक कार में फैसी रहीं। वे बताती है कि अपनी बिल पॉवर के दम पर के हालात से लड़ती रही, यह भी 45.7 हिंदी तापमान पर। बर्ता ऐसी स्थिति में कोई भी दम तोड चुका होता।

डिग्री तापमान पर। बर्ना ऐसी स्थिति में कोई भी दम तोड़ चुका होता। कोराइन ने बी. बी. सी. न्यूज को बताया कि पिछले सोमवार को टर्न लेते समय उनकी कार सुनसान इलाके में दुर्घटनाग्रस्त होकर खाई में गिर गई। कई जगह शरीर छिल गया था, रीढ़ की हड्डी टूट गई थी। कार इतनी पिचक गई थी कि उसमे बाहर आना नामुमकिन था। पहली रात उनका मोवाइल बजता रहा, उन्होंने कॉल रिसीव करने की कोशिश की, लेकिन हाथ बहुत ज्यादा जख्मी होने से मोबाइल उठा नहीं पाई। वे कुछ समय होश में रहती थी, फिर दर्द के बेहोश हो जाती थीं। सबसे पीड़ादायी यह था कि वे कांच के उन टुकड़ों पर पड़ी थीं, जो उनके शरीर में घुस चुके थे। यूरोप में हॉटवेव के कारण लोग मर रहे थे, उन्हें लगा कि अब नहीं बचेगी। उनकवर के सहारे खुद को दिलासा देती रहीं और सोचती रही। कि उन्हें कुछ नहीं होगा ही कोई मदद पहुंचाकर अपने बच्का सवाल आबा ।। बच्चों के भविष्य के बारे में कमलने लगी।

Updated On 31 May 2024 3:42 AM GMT
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