Criminal Procedure

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 is the procedural law providing the machinery for punishment of offenders under substantive criminal law.

Constitution of Criminal Courts

Administration of justice is the most important function of the state. For this purpose our constitution has set up a hierarchy of courts. The Supreme Court is the apex body, followed by 24 High Co…

Initiation of Criminal Proceedings

Magistrate may proceed against an accused on the basis of a complaint of facts; or an information received from any person other than a police officer, or upon his own knowledge, that such offence …

First Information Report (F.I.R)

Meaning :- The information regarding commission of an offence has to be entered in a book available with the police. The information so recorded is called First Information Report i.e. F.I.R. It is…

Arrest of a Person

Section 41 enumerates different categories of cases in which a police officer may arrest a person without an order from a Magistrate and without a warrant. These include: (a) who has been concerned…

Summon & Warrant Cases

SUMMONS AND WARRANTS The general processes to compel appearance are: (1) Summons (Section 61) (2) Warrants (Section 70) SUMMONS A summon is issued either for appearance or for producing a document …

Rights of Arrested Person

Rights of Arrested Person The powers given to police to facilitate the making of arrest are not absolute. These powers are subject to certain restraints. These restraints are the rights of an arres…

Plea Bargaining

Meaning While searching for the dictionary meaning one can get meanings only after connecting the two words together, that is a plea, meaning to bring forward one’s excuse, justification, defence…