High Court is the ‘Highest Judicial Court’ in an Indian State and all other Courts of the State work under it. It is termed as the second-highest in the country after the Supreme Court of India.
The High Court is the highest court in a state in India. Articles 214 to 231 in the Indian Constitution talk about the High Courts, their organisation and powers. The Parliament can also provide for the establishment of one High Court for two or more states.
According to Article 214, each state of India shall have a High Court. However, Article 231 also mentions that there can be a common High Court for two or more States or for two or more states and a union territory. There are 25 High Courts in India, six having control over more than one State/UT. Delhi has a High Court of its own among the Union Territories. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges as appointed by the President of India.
List of High Courts of India
There are 25 High Courts present in India. The list of High Courts of India is given below:
|Year||Name||Territorial Jurisdiction||Seat & Bench|
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu
Bench: Panaji, Aurangabad, and Nagpur
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Bench: Port Blair
|1866||Allahabad||Uttar Pradesh||Seat: Allahabad|
Bench: Dharwad and Gulbarga
Bench: Kohima, Aizawl, and Itanagar
|1956||Madhya Pradesh||Madhya Pradesh||Seat: Jabalpur|
Bench: Gwalior and Indore
|1958||Kerala||Kerala & Lakshadweep||Ernakulam|
|1971||Himachal Pradesh||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla|
|1975||Punjab & Haryana||Punjab, Haryana & Chandigarh||Chandigarh|
|2019||Andhra Pradesh||Andhra Pradesh||Amravati|
|2019||Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh|
(Note: In 1928, Jammu & Kashmir high court was established. Post-bi-furcation of J&K into two union territories; there is now a common high court.)
|Jammu and Kashmir|