High Courts of India – Overview

By | March 14, 2021
High Courts of India

High Court is the ‘Highest Judicial Court’ in an Indian State and all other Courts of the State work under it. It is termed as the second-highest in the country after the Supreme Court of India.

The High Court is the highest court in a state in India. Articles 214 to 231 in the Indian Constitution talk about the High Courts, their organisation and powers. The Parliament can also provide for the establishment of one High Court for two or more states.

According to Article 214, each state of India shall have a High Court. However, Article 231 also mentions that there can be a common High Court for two or more States or for two or more states and a union territory. There are 25 High Courts in India, six having control over more than one State/UT. Delhi has a High Court of its own among the Union Territories. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges as appointed by the President of India.

List of High Courts of India

There are 25 High Courts present in India. The list of High Courts of India is given below:

YearNameTerritorial JurisdictionSeat & Bench
1862BombayMaharashtra

Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu

Goa

Seat: Mumbai

Bench: Panaji, Aurangabad, and Nagpur

1862KolkataWest Bengal

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Seat: Kolkata

Bench: Port Blair

1862MadrasTamil Nadu

Pondicherry

Seat: Chennai

Bench: Madurai

1866AllahabadUttar PradeshSeat: Allahabad

Bench: Lucknow

1884KarnatakaKarnatakaSeat: Bengaluru

Bench: Dharwad and Gulbarga

1916PatnaBiharPatna
1948GuwahatiAssam

Nagaland

Mizoram

Arunachal Pradesh

Seat: Guwahati

Bench: Kohima, Aizawl, and Itanagar

1949OdishaOdishaCuttack
1949RajasthanRajasthanSeat: Jodhpur

Bench: Jaipur

1956Madhya PradeshMadhya PradeshSeat: Jabalpur

Bench: Gwalior and Indore

1958KeralaKerala & LakshadweepErnakulam
1960GujaratGujaratAhmedabad
1966DelhiDelhiDelhi
1971Himachal PradeshHimachal PradeshShimla
1975Punjab & HaryanaPunjab, Haryana & ChandigarhChandigarh
1975SikkimSikkimGangtok
2000ChhattisgarhChhattisgarhBilaspur
2000UttarakhandUttarakhandNainital
2000JharkhandJharkhandRanchi
2013TripuraTripuraAgartala
2013ManipurManipurImphal
2013MeghalayaMeghalayaShillong
2019TelanganaTelanganaHyderabad
2019Andhra PradeshAndhra PradeshAmravati
2019Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh

(Note: In 1928, Jammu & Kashmir high court was established. Post-bi-furcation of J&K into two union territories; there is now a common high court.)

Jammu and Kashmir

Ladakh


  1. Law Library: Notes and Study Material for LLB, LLM, Judiciary and Entrance Exams
  2. Legal Bites Academy – Ultimate Test Prep Destination

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.