Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of  Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

Offences relating to Coins and Government Stamps

Offences relating to Coins and Government Stamps | Overview Introduction Instrument for Counterfeiting Abetment of the Offence Import or Export: Punishable or Not? Delivery of Counterfeit Coins: When is it an Offence? Offences related to Mint Employees Offences relating to Government Stamps The offence of counterfeiting coins and government stamps are dealt with within this article. The introductory… Read More »

Fraudulent Deeds and Disposition of Property: Overview

Fraudulent Deeds and Disposition of Property | Overview Dishonest or Fraudulent Removal or Concealment of Property to Prevent Distribution Among Creditors Dishonestly or Fraudulently Preventing Debt Being Available for Creditors Dishonest or Fraudulent Execution of Deed of Transfer Containing False Statement of Consideration Dishonest Or Fraudulent Removal Or Concealment Of Property The article talks about the offences fraudulent… Read More »

Mischief: Concept, Essentials and Detailed Explanation

Mischief: Concept, Essentials and Detailed Explanation | Overview Introduction Essentials Mens Rea: Intention or Knowledge Actus Reus Wrongful Loss Or Damage Destruction or any change in the property or situation thereof Affect of the mischief: destroy or diminish the value or utility Punishment for the offence of mischief Aggravated Forms Of Mischief Mischief based on the damage caused… Read More »

Cheating: Concept, Essentials and Case Laws

Cheating: Concept, Essentials and Case Laws | Overview Introduction Essentials Deception: What and when is it cheating? Dishonest concealment of facts: Explanation of section 415 Misrepresentation in cheating Cheating different from other offences Cheating related to false promise to marry Inducement Dishonest intention: Mental element required Complaint of cheating: Is it necessary to mention dishonesty? Damage or harm:… Read More »

Criminal Trespass: Concept, Essentials and Overview

Criminal Trespass | Overview Introduction to Criminal Trespass Essentials Entering the Property What kind of property? Possession of that property Mens Rea: Intent of the accused Punishment Unlawful after lawful entry. What makes it criminal trespass? Aggravated forms of criminal trespass House trespass and its aggravated forms Lurking house-trespass and its aggravated forms Housebreaking and its aggravated forms… Read More »

Stolen Property: Offence, Essentials and Explanation

Stolen Property: Offence, Essentials and Explanation | Overview Introduction Offence of receiving property Essentials: When is it an Offence to receive the stolen property? Stolen Property No Territorial Limit Receipt of Stolen Property: What makes it an Offence? Knowledge or Reason to believe to be Stolen Property Limit of Liability Receipt of Property stolen in the commission of… Read More »

Criminal Misappropriation of Property: Overview

Overview : Criminal Misappropriation of Property Introduction Essentials Property for Criminal Misappropriation Misappropriates or Converts to own use Abandoning a Property: Is it just Found? Or Misappropriated? Dishonest Intention Master-Servant Relationship Misappropriation for the time being Difference Between English Law And Indian Law Difference between Theft and Criminal Misappropriation Aggravated form of Criminal Misappropriation Illustration The present research… Read More »

Criminal Breach of Trust: Introduction, Essentials, Explanation

Criminal Breach of Trust: Introduction, Essentials, Explanation | Overview Introduction Essentials Entrustment Of Property Property Or Dominion Over The Property Misappropriation Of Entrusted Property Temporary Misappropriation Punishment For Criminal Breach Of Trust Aggravated Forms Of Criminal Breach Of Trust The article introduces what is a criminal breach of trust. Further mentions essentials of the offence of criminal breach… Read More »

Kidnapping and Abduction – Provisions and Differences

Kidnapping and Abduction – Provisions and Differences | Overview Introduction Kidnapping Abduction  Difference Between Kidnapping and Abduction Aggravated forms of Kidnapping or Abduction Section 359 to 369 of the code have made kidnapping and abduction punishable with varying degree of severity according to the nature and gravity of the offence. The underlying object of enacting these provisions is… Read More »