Legal Bites brings to you IPC Mains Questions Series Part X. The questions enlisted here are arranged section-wise and will aid the students preparing for Judiciary, APO or University Exams. The list question curated by Legal Bites will help candidates identify the important and frequently asked questions and give them a good practise for their aptitude and knowledge.
IPC Mains Questions Series Part X of X contains questions from Chapter XVI Section 445 to 511.
We know answer writing is a continuous exercise that is an inalienable part of the preparation process for any Examination. A well-written answer not only reflects the knowledge of an aspirant but also his/her ability to tailor the content in a manner suited to meet the expectations of the question.
Rigorous preparation for this exam is mandatory in order to crack it. In the last few months prior to the exams, it is sufficient for candidates to simply keep practising these questions in order to gain mastery over the subjects studied. Not only the candidate’s confidence level but also their scores will show good improvement upon following it.
IPC Mains Questions Series Part X of X
Define, explain and illustrate the offence of Housebreaking.
Distinguish with an illustration between House-trespass and house-breaking.
Define ‘forgery’. What are its ingredients? [R.J.S. 1997]
What amounts to the ‘making of a false document’ for constituting the offence of forgery?
When is a person said to make a false document? Discuss also ‘forged document’.
Whether a person can commit `forgery by signing his own name’? [UPCJ 1982, 1983, 1986, 1991, Raj J 1977]
Does the making of a false document in the name of a fictitious or deceased person amount to forgery? If so, under what circumstances?
What is ‘falsification of accounts’?
Define ‘property mark’. Define the offence of ‘using a false property mark’.
Describe the offences relating to counterfeiting of currency notes.
Discuss the law relating to criminal breach of contract in India.
What are the several offences set out in the Indian Penal Code relating to marriages?
The proof of the word ‘marries’ in the offence of bigamy is extraordinarily difficult. Elucidate the statement and refer to decided cases. [U.P.C.J. 2013]
W the wife, being dissatisfied with her husband left his house and protection voluntarily and of her free will. She went to ‘P’ who allowed her to stay in his house as ‘mistress’. What offence if any committed by ‘P’ and W. (D.J.S. 1991)
What is the punishment prescribed for cruelty to a woman by her husband or his relative?
Discuss the object behind enacting Sec. 498-A.
Can a person be convicted under Section 498-A as well as Sec. 4 Dowry Prohibition Act? Does Sec. 498-A create double jeopardy?
A married young woman, who was discarded by her husband, lived with her father and brother in Madras. She became intimate with the accused who was her next-door neighbour. The two ran away from Madras and eventually settled in Bombay. The woman’s brother filed a complained against accused for offences under Section 497/498 of Indian Penal Code. Decide. [D.J.S. 1991]
Define “Adultery”. Can a woman be charged with Adultery? Can she be an abettor? [M.P.C.J. 1979, 2014]
Are Ss. 498-A and 304-B mutually exclusive? Whether a person charged u/Sec. 304-B can be convicted u/ Sec. 498-A without a charge being there?
Define defamation and discuss the exceptions which take the act of the purview of the offence of defamation. [R.J.S. 1974, UPCJ 2015, MPCJ 2001, 2009, 2012, 2013, UPCJ 1983, 1986, 1988, 1992, 1997, 2003, 2015]
“The law of defamation under the Indian Penal Code has been retained because criminal law alone can effectively deal with such lawbreakers. As regards to the freedom of speech and expression, it is sufficiently safeguarded by the several explanations and exceptions added to the definition of defamation in Code.” Explains. [U.P.C.J. 2000]
The accused published in his newspaper an account of an outrage on a woman alleged to have perpetrated by two constables within the jurisdiction of certain thana in which four constables were stationed. The charge was not made against any particular and identifiable constables. Was the accused guilty of defamation? [U.P.C.J. 2000]
A, a shopkeeper says to B who is his manager, sell nothing to Z unless he pays you ready money for I have no opinion of his honesty. Z prosecutes ‘A’ for defamation. Decide the case. [U.P.C.J. 2000]
A, says—”Z is an honest man; he never stole B’s watch”, intending to cause it to be believed that Z did steal B’s watch. Has A committed any offence? Give reasons and also refer to relevant provision, if any, on the point.
A publishes a report of the proceedings of a court of justice. A is prosecuted for the offence of defamation defined under Section 499, I.P.C. A takes the defence that he has published ‘substantially true report’ of the proceedings of the concerned court of justice, and he also proves the same during the trial. Will he succeed and be liable to be acquitted?
A says, “I think B’s evidence in that trial is so contradictory that he must be stupid or dishonest”. Is A’s opinion defamation of B? Decide and refer to the legal provision. [UP. A.P.O. 1997, R.J.S. 1991]
A says about a witness Z— “I do not believe what Z asserted at that trial because I know him to be a man without veracity”. Is A’s opinion defamation of Z. Give reasons and also refer to the relevant provision, if any, on the point under Indian Penal Code. [R.J.S. 1991]
A says to his friend B while they are alone – “You are the most corrupt man I have ever seen”. Does the statement of A to B amount A to defamation? Give reasons and also refer to case law, if any, on the point.
A says of a book published by Z–“Z’s book is foolish. Z must be a weak man. Z’s book is indecent. Z must be a man of impure mind”. What offence is committed by A, if any? [HR. J.S. 2001]
A says of a book published by B:
“I am not surprised that B’s book is foolish and indecent for B is a man of impure mind and bad character”. Do these remarks amount to defamation and why? [R.J.S. 1977]
A, a shopkeeper, says to B who manages his business – “Sell nothing to Z unless he pays you ready money for I have no opinion of his honesty”. Whether this statement is of defamatory and whether they are covered by any exception? [R.J.S. 1991]
Define, illustrate and explain the offence of criminal intimidation. In what way extortion is different from criminal intimidation? [U.P.H.J.S. 2012, CG .C.J. 2010, UPCJ 1997, 2000]
In what way extortion is different from Criminal intimidation?
State the provisions of the Code with regard to insult offered to a person other than public servants and statements conducive to public mischief.
State the offence of inducing a person to believe that he will be rendered an object of divine displeasure.
Discuss the offence of insulting the modesty of a woman.
Define “attempt”. How are attempts to commit offences made punishable under the Indian Penal Code in cases where no express provision is made for the punishment for such an attempt? [HR.J.S. 2009]
X applied to a university for permission to appear at the M.A. Examination as a private candidate representing that he was a graduate having obtained his B.A. degree three years earlier and that he had been teaching in a certain school. In support of his application, he attached certain certificates purporting to be from the Headmaster of the School. The University authorities first gave X permission to appear for the M.A. Examination, but later on, finding that the certificates produced by X were false and that he was neither a graduate nor a teacher, they withdrew the permission. Has X committed any offence? Discuss with reasons.
A, a pickpocket suspecting that B carried a purse in his pocket puts his hand in it but the pocket was empty. Please record your opinion if A is guilty of attempt to commit theft.
Discuss attempt to commit an offence and distinguish attempt from preparation to commit offence. To what extent are these punishable? [U.P.C.J. 1987, 1992, 1997, UPCJ 2016,]
State with reasons what offence if any has been committed:
- ‘A’ is in a house which is in the fire, with `Z’, a child. People below hold out a blanket, ‘A’ drops the child from the housetop knowing it to be likely that the fall may kill the child, but not intending to kill the child and in good faith for the child’s benefit. The child is killed by the fall.
- ‘A’ a surgeon, in good faith, communicates to a patient, his opinion that he cannot survive. .The patient dies in consequence of the shock.
- ‘A’ puts jewels into a box belonging to ‘Z’ with the intention that they may be found in that box and the circumstance may cause ‘Z’ to be convicted to theft. [UPHJS 2018]
- ‘A’ attempts to pull ‘Z’s nose, ‘Z’ in the exercise of the right of private defence, lays hold of ‘A’ to prevent him from doing so. ‘A’ is moved to sudden and violent passion in consequence and kills ‘Z’. [U.P.C.J. 2015]