Indian tax system is complex and constantly evolving. The government has imposed some changes to its taxation, and this is how it will affect its people.

How the Changes in Some Taxation Models Influence the Indian Society

Every nation's government's primary source of revenue comes from taxes. It represents a mandatory payment requested from both citizens and corporations and that tax revenue is used by the authorities for several initiatives aimed at advancing the country. The three-tier federal framework of the Indian taxation system is well-designed. The Central Government and the State Governments each impose their taxes under India's system of taxation. Administrations like the Municipality and Local Governments also impose a few small taxes and fees. These fees are often the subject of discussions and revision, and there are some changes to India’s tax system in 2023. Let’s look at how they impact the people in this country.

Taxation of the Casino Industry in India

When reduced down to its most basic elements, the Indian tax system can be divided into two groups: revenue from the goods and services tax (GST) and income tax. Almost 90 percent of all taxes collected by the government are in these two forms. In these groups, we can find the income from the casino industry. An effort to alter tax policy has been led by a group of government officials because online gambling is still not regulated in the whole country. The Indian gaming sector may change as a result of some future taxation changes in the Casino Industry that will include a 28 percent tax rate on goods and services. In comparison to the previous 18 percent, it is a significant shift, and the new model may severely upset the market, sparking several debates and issues.

The Challenges of the Taxation System in India

The tax system in India has consistently been a focus of research, discussion, and evaluation among economists and financial experts throughout the entire history of taxation in this country. The complexity of a huge number of people, in addition to the type and magnitude of the enterprises chosen to be included in the taxation system, is to blame for this. Due to the consistently evolving tax regulations that succeeding governments have introduced and implemented, the taxpaying society has also been dealing with and adapting to the ever-evolving Indian tax framework.

Two Main Types of Taxes in India

The nation’s system of taxation is divided into two distinct categories which are direct and indirect taxes. Direct taxes are taken out of your paycheck, and indirect taxes are taken out of your expenditures. The revenue-generating entity, whether a citizen or a business, is accountable for depositing the direct tax obligation. Many indirect taxes are gathered by corporations and companies that provide goods and services. Therefore, it is these enterprises' obligation for contributing indirect taxes. Customs charges, income tax, and service tax are just a few of the charges that the Indian central government applies. Agriculture-related revenue is subject to income tax, as is property taxes, and stamp duty. The collection of octroi and additional charges on a variety of services like water supply is permitted by municipal authorities.

The Changes in Indian Taxation in 2023

There will be various modifications to the income tax laws that will impact Indian taxpayers. And they are already in use since the start of the new fiscal year 2023–24, more precisely on April 1st. Nirmala Sitharaman, the Union Finance Minister, made the revisions public at the presentation of the Union Budget on February 1st. A few modifications that were recently made in the Finance Bill 2023 are also expected to have an impact on many taxpaying citizens and investors. The standard tax system will be the new income tax system. But bear in thoughts that the previous system is still in place, so anyone who wants to stick with it as opposed to the new one can continue to do so. So let us see the biggest impact on Indian society due to these changes that are already in place.

Changes in Limits on Tax Rebates and Standard Deduction on Salaried Citizens

A 7 INR lakh yearly income is now tax-free thanks to Budget 2023. As of the new fiscal year, the tax partial refund maximum will increase from 5 INR lakh to 7 INR lakh, meaning that anyone with revenues below 7 INR lakh would no longer pay any taxes on anything. The change will impact the previous ban on the standard deduction, as from the new fiscal year salaried individuals will also be able to take advantage of the standard deduction of 50 thousand INR according to the new tax system. This benefit will be positively accepted for sure.

Changes in Taxation of Non-Residents Regarding Royalties and Fees for Technical Services

The taxation of royalties and fees for technical services (FTS) revenue held by non-residents is governed by specific laws. The changes the new financial act impose will include and they should be aware that solely the income that originates in India is subject to taxation for non-residents. Royalty or FTS income is regarded as having originated in India and is hence taxable in the ownership of non-residents of India. The amount of tax at which certain flows of income are taxable in possession of non-residents is described in Section 115A of the Income-tax Act. The Finance Act of 2015 decreased the royalty and FTS income tax rate from 25 percent to 10 percent. With the newest changes, they have increased from 10 percent to 20 percent.


Changes in taxation in every country in the world are inevitable. As the country evolves and changes, along with its people and businesses, it is necessary to review and adapt every existing legal framework and legislation. There are many critics regarding the Indian tax changes, but even with high tax slabs in this country, in comparison with other ones, they are pretty reasonable. We mentioned some of the changes in the Indian taxation system in this article that will affect Indian society and will continue to monitor closely future ones.

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Deepanshu Rao

Deepanshu Rao

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