Legal Bites presents an experts-curated UPSC Mains Mock Test Series to offer you rigorous practice sessions to take the exam confidently. Our test series is designed to help you cover the entire syllabus of Law optional paper in a comprehensive and systematic manner.

The UPSC Civil Services (Main) Examination is the second stage of the Civil Services Examination. It consists of nine papers, including two papers on optional subject. The exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year. The exam tests the candidate's analytical, critical and writing skills on various topics related to the subjects.

Are you preparing for the UPSC Civil Services (Mains) Examination with Law as your optional subject? Do you want to practice and improve your skills in answering the Law optional paper? If yes, then you should enroll in our UPSC Main Test Series for Law Optional Paper.

Legal Bites presents an experts-curated UPSC Mains Mock Test Series to offer you rigorous practice sessions to take the exam confidently. Our test series is designed to help you cover the entire syllabus of Law optional paper in a comprehensive and systematic manner.


  • 6 full-length Mock Tests (3 Sets) for Law subject
  • Law Paper-I and Law Paper-II
  • Prepared by the team of experts as per the latest syllabus and exam pattern
  • Detailed evaluation and assessment of the answers
  • Valuable feedback and suggestions from experts
  • Time-bound evaluation in just 7 days
UPSC Law Optional Mains Mock - Click Here to Book your Slot

Quality Questions

A Test Series with high-quality questions prepared after extensive research by our subject experts. Questions prepared keeping in mind the latest trend of the examination focused on giving you a challenging test and an opportunity to have a holistic preparation of subjects.

Intelligent Evaluation by Our Team of Experts

In Main, the most crucial is the technique and quality of answers. We don’t leave you in the middle of anywhere with just the questions. Our team of experts provide valuable suggestions and tips after evaluating your answers. We offer a time-bound evaluation of answers to give you suitable feedback so that you can improve before the next test.

Model Answers

The purpose of the Test series is to make you able to write the answers which can get a high score. To achieve this, we are offering the model answers for the questions contained in the test series. This enables you to incorporate the nitty-gritty of a perfect answer in a short period of time.

Syllabus and Content

Official Syllabus of the UPSC Main is followed in the Test Series. The same has been provided below.

Law Paper-I: (250 marks) (3 hrs.)

Constitutional and Administrative Law

  • Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.
  • Fundamental Rights—Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
  • Relationship between Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, and Fundamental duties.
  • Constitutional Position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
  • Governor and his powers.
  • Supreme Court and the High Courts: (a) Appointments and transfer. (b) Powers, functions, and jurisdiction.
  • Centre, States, and local bodies: (a) Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States. (b) Local Bodies. (c) Administrative relationship among Union, State, and Local Bodies. (d) Eminent domain-State property-common property-community property.
  • Legislative powers, privileges, and immunities.
  • Services under the Union and the States: (a) Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals. (b) Union Public Service Commission and state public Service Commissions—Power and functions. (c) Election Commission—Power and functions.
  • Emergency provisions.
  • Amendment of the Constitution.
  • Principle of Natural Justice—Emerging trends and judicial approach.
  • Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
  • Separation of powers and constitutional governance.
  • Judicial review of administrative action.
  • Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.

International Law:

  • Nature and Definition of International Law.
  • Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law.
  • State Recognition and State Succession.
  • Law of the sea: Inland Waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone, and High Seas.
  • Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human Rights, and procedures available for their enforcement.
  • Territorial jurisdiction of States, Extradition, and Asylum.
  • Treaties: Formation, application, termination, and reservation.
  • United Nations: Its principal organs, powers and functions, and reform.
  • Peaceful settlement of disputes—different modes.
  • Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defense, intervention.
  • Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law—International conventions and contemporary developments.
  • Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear nonproliferation treaty, CTST.
  • International Terrorism, State-sponsored terrorism, Hijacking, International Criminal Court.
  • New International Economic Order and Monetary Law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
  • Protection and Improvement of the Human Environment: International Efforts.

Law Paper-II : (250 marks) (3 hrs.)

  • Law of Crimes
  • General principles of Criminal liability: mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.
  • Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.
  • Preparations and criminal attempt.
  • General exceptions.
  • Joint and constructive liability.
  • Abetment.
  • Criminal conspiracy.
  • Offences against the State.
  • Offences against public tranquility.
  • Offences against human body.
  • Offences against property.
  • Offences against women.
  • Defamation.
  • Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
  • Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.
  • Plea bargaining.

Law of Torts

  • Nature and definition.
  • Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
  • Vicarious liability including State Liability.
  • General defences.
  • Joint tort fessors.
  • Remedies.
  • Negligence.
  • Defamation.
  • Nuisance.
  • Conspiracy.
  • False imprisonment.
  • Malicious prosecution.
  • Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law

  • Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.
  • Factors vitiating free consent.
  • Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
  • Performance and discharge of contracts.
  • Quasi-contracts.
  • Consequences of breach of contract.
  • Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
  • Contract of Agency.
  • Sale of goods and hire purchase.
  • Formation and dissolution of Partnership.
  • Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
  • Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
  • Standard form contracts.

Contemporary Legal Developments

  • Public Interest Litigation.
  • Intellectual property rights—Concept, types/prospects.
  • Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws—Concept, purpose/prospects.
  • Competition Law—Concept, purpose/prospects.
  • Alternate Dispute Resolution—Concept, types/prospects.
  • Major statutes concerning environmental law.
  • Right to Information Act.
  • Trial by media.


  • Mock Tests will be provided for only Law (optional subject).
  • Main Test Series consist of 6 Mock Tests consolidated as 3 sets in total.
  • Test Series will commence from 1st August 2023.

Regular Guidance and Feedback

Confused about the questions? Need guidance related to the Test Series? Or need clarification on the answers? Don’t worry! We believe in strengthening our bond with our students by studying hard to achieve their goals. Legal Bites Academy offers the opportunity to engage with our subject experts to clear your doubts and confusion anytime. Get answers to all your doubts by contacting us at +91 78360 70747.

Note: Individual Date-Sheet will be provided to the aspirants for our Main Test Series within 48 hours of opting.

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Updated On 28 Jun 2023 7:40 AM GMT
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