CLAT Entrance Exam | Eligibility, Exam Pattern – All you need to know

By | March 19, 2020
CLAT Entrance Exam | Eligibility, Exam Pattern – All you need to know

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This article provides complete information about CLAT Entrance Exam. It deals with Eligibility,  Marking Scheme and Exam Pattern in detail. Subscribe to Legal Bites and Stay Updated.

About CLAT Entrance Exam

Common law aptitude test (CLAT) is an entrance level examination for aspiring law students who are thriving to get into the top 17 national law universities (NLU’s) of India. A competitive exam that not only examines the legal aptitude of a student but also focusses upon the mental and logical ability.

With around 60,000 students applying every year, only 2800 of them make their way to these prestigious and reputed law colleges of India.

Those who undertake this examination are applying for a B.A.L.L.B (5 years) integrated course with an aim to receive an optimum level of placement after completing their course. The abundance of students opting for the law as a career has eventually increased the number of applicants, thus, paving a way for a more difficult examination.

I. Duration

The examination is 2 hours long (120 minutes) and contains 200 multiple-choice questions. It generally takes place during the last week of May or first week of June.

II. Eligibility for CLAT Entrance Exam

The students who have secured a minimum of 45% in their 10+2 board examination under the general /OBC/ Specially abled categories are eligible to appear for the examination. Whereas, those belonging to scheduled castes/ scheduled tribes at least require 40% in their 10+2 examination

III. Marking Scheme for CLAT Entrance Exam

Every correct answer in the examination rewards a 1 mark to the student, but an incorrect answer leads to a deduction of 0.25 marks.

IV. Examination Fee

The examination fee for general category/ OBC/ PWD/ NRI is 4000 rupees and for Scheduled castes/ Scheduled tribes is 3500 rupees.

V. How to Apply

VI. Exam Pattern

The common law aptitude test is divided into 5 sections,

  1. Legal aptitude.
  2. Logical and Analytical Reasoning.
  3. Mathematical ability.
  4. General knowledge and Current affairs.
  5. English language comprehension.

Legal aptitude

In order to examine the general understandings and principles of the legal sphere, the CLAT consortium has introduced this section. This section mainly includes the study of basic law concepts like Law of Torts, Law of Contracts, Criminal law, legal maxims, constitutional law, important Supreme court judgments etc.

The total number of questions that appear in the examination is 50, which constitutes ¼ of the entire number of questions. Therefore, a focused and detailed study can help a student fetch marks easily and act as a plus point for the applicants.

General Knowledge and Current affairs

This section can turn out to be a nightmare for some but for those who can inculcate the habit of reading newspaper every day and be updated about the current happenings in the world can easily beat other applicants during the examination.

All you need to do is ‘READ, READ AND READ’.

It covers all the spheres of news like national, international, sports, art and culture, science and technology, books and authors etc. Apart from this, applicants are also required to study basic history, political science, Indian economy and various other general subjects. The total number of questions that appear is 50.

Mathematical Ability

Mathematics is considered a daunting subject for most of us, but basic mathematical skills are required in day to day life to solve problems logically and re-think solutions.

About 20 questions are given in the examination which includes basic elementary math topic like ratios, percentage, profit and loss, speed and time, clocks, probability etc. Regular practice and focus can help you attain 20/20 in this section, rather than leaving it for the end moment preparation.

English Language Comprehension

Any field whether it is business or law requires a basic knowledge of English. This section mainly includes reading comprehensions, basic grammar, error detection, synonyms, antonyms etc.

The comprehension question is based on analyzing and deriving at the current solution without any requirement of prior knowledge. The total number of questions that appear is 40.

Logical Reasoning

It tests the basic deductive and logical reasoning of the applicant. In this section, the examiner seeks to understand the mental ability of the student which he is already acquainted of and how he solves the given situations on the basis of information provided.

The total number of questions that appear is 40 and it mainly covers topics like conclusion-premises, series, blood relations, directions, sequence, calendar, analogy, coding-decoding, etc.

Contributed by Urvashi Arora


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Author: Mayank Shekhar

Mayank is a student at Faculty of Law, Delhi University. Under his leadership, Legal Bites has been researching and developing resources through blogging, educational resources, competitions, and seminars.