Question Paper Format, Syllabus and Guide for CLAT UG

By | February 23, 2021
CLAT Entrance Exam | Eligibility, Exam Pattern – All you need to know

This article shall focus on the Question Paper Format, Syllabus, Subject wise weightage and Guide for CLAT UG Admissions.

The UG-CLAT 2021 would focus on evaluating the comprehension and reasoning skills of candidates. Overall, it is designed to be a test of aptitude and skills that are necessary for a legal education rather than prior knowledge, though prior knowledge occasionally may be useful to respond to questions in the Current Affairs section.

I. Question Paper Format

  1. Maximum Marks: 150
  2. Duration of CLAT 2021 Exam: 02:00 Hours
  3. Multiple-Choice Questions: 150 questions of one mark each
  4. Negative Marking: 0.25 Mark for each wrong answer

The UG-CLAT 2021 shall be a 2-hour test, with 150 multiple-choice questions carrying 1 mark each. There shall be negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer. Example: Total Marks = 150 Correct = 110 Incorrect = 4 Unanswered = 36 Therefore, the final score shall be 109 out of 150.

II. Syllabus and Weightage 

Subject Areas with weightageApproximate number of questions
English Language28-32 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge35-39 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
Legal Reasoning35-39 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
Logical Reasoning28-32 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
Quantitative Techniques13-17 questions, or roughly 10% of the paper

These questions would be divided across the following 5 subjects:

  • English Language
  • Current Affairs, including General Knowledge.
  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Quantitative Techniques

III. Detailed Syllabus and Guide for CLAT UG

A. English Language

The English Language section has a weightage of nearly 20% of CLAT Paper. In this section of the UG-CLAT 2021, you will be provided passages of about 450 words each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills, including your abilities to:

  • Read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, as well as identify any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;
  • Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage;
  • Summarise the passage;
  • Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage; and
  • Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.

B. Current Affairs Including General Knowledge

The Current Affairs section has a weightage of nearly 25% of CLAT Paper. In this section, you will be provided passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:

  • Contemporary events of significance from India and the world;
  • Arts and culture;
  • International affairs; and
  • Historical events of continuing significance.

C. Legal Reasoning

The Legal Reasoning section has a weightage of nearly 25% of CLAT Paper. In this section, you will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. You will not require any prior knowledge of law. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios. Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to:

  • Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage;
  • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and
  • Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.

D. Logical Reasoning

The Logical Reasoning section has a weightage of nearly 20% of CLAT Paper. The Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT 2021 will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:

  • Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions;
  • Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;
  • Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
  • Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;
  • Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence and assess the effectiveness of arguments.

E. Quantitative Techniques

The Quantitative Techniques section has a weightage of nearly 10% of CLAT Paper. The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT 2021 will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information. The questions will require you to:

  • Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
  • Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.

In this section, the questions are created specifically for the exam while only a portion of it being derived from public sources such as the website of the Reserve Bank of India.


Source: Official Website – Consortium of National Law Universities, Available Here


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