Category Archives: Indian Penal Code ( IPC )

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macauley. It came into force in the year 1862. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

Offences Relating to Weights and Measures

Offences Relating to Weights and Measures | Overview Fraudulent use of the false instrument for weighing Fraudulent use of false weight or measure Being in possession of false weight or measure Making or selling false weight or measure Proposal for Reforms Chapter XIII, IPC, deals with weight and measure offences. With regard to any standard weight or measure,… Read More »

Insight to The General Exceptions Of IPC

Insight to The General Exceptions Of IPC | Overview Mistake of Facts Judicial Acts: S. 77-78 Accident and Misfortune: S. 80 – 81 Infancy: S. 82 – 83 Insanity or Mental Abnormality: S. 82 – 83 Intoxication: S. 85 – 86 Consent and Compulsion: S. 87 – 94 Trivial Acts: S. 95 Private Defence: S. 96 – 106 Chapter IV of the Indian Penal Code deals… Read More »

Evolution Of Law Of Crime Over The Years

Evolution Of Law Of Crime Over The Years | Overview Introduction Judiciary in Ancient India Criminal Law System in the Mughal Period Salient features of Muslim Criminal Law System Defects of Muslim Law Changes in Criminal Law Codification of Laws This article discusses the evolution Of Law Of Crime over the years. he contemporary criminal law framework of… Read More »

Commutation of Death Sentence and Life Imprisonment

Commutation of Death Sentence and Life Imprisonment | Overview Introduction Commutation of Sentence in Criminal Law Procedure for Granting a Pardon Case Laws Conclusion Introduction Commutation of a sentence means the process of substituting the sentence provided by a competent with a lesser or lighter sentence. The head of the state has the supreme authority to exercise the… Read More »

Acts Done Under Compulsion | Section 94 IPC

Acts Done Under Compulsion | Section 94 IPC | Overview Acts Done Under Compulsion Exclusion of Murder and Offences Against the State Punishable with Death The threat of Instant Death The threat should be Present at the Time of Doing the Act Proviso and Explanations to Section 94 IPC The doctrine of compulsion and necessity The article discusses… Read More »

Act Done With Consent

Act Done With Consent | Overview Consent Meaning Provisions under IPC, 1860 for the acts done with Consent Misconception of Fact Absence of Knowledge Express or Implied Consent Evidence The article discusses the Act Done with Consent under IPC. Chapter IV of the IPC, entitled ‘General Exceptions’, containing sections 76 to 106, exempts persons from criminal liability. An… Read More »

Act Done By A Person Under Intoxication

Act Done By A Person Under Intoxication | Overview RELEVANT PROVISIONS UNDER THE IPC, 1860 FOR ACTS DONE BY A PERSON UNDER INTOXICATION INVOLUNTARY INTOXICATION Incapable of knowing the nature and consequences of the act Without his ‘knowledge’ or ‘against his will’ VOLUNTARY INTOXICATION Presumption of Knowledge Voluntary Intoxication and Intention The article discusses the act done by… Read More »

Accident and Necessity

Accident and Necessity | Overview Introduction to Section 80 Nature & Scope of Section 80 IPC, 1860 The act was an Accident or Misfortune The Accident was not caused by any criminal intention or knowledge The consequence of lawful actions carried out by lawful means Proper Care and Caution Introduction to Section 81 Doctrine of Necessity Preventing or… Read More »