Question: What are the various punishments in Indian Penal Code? [R.J.S. 1986, UPCJ 2000] Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [What are the various punishments in Indian Penal Code?] Answer There are five different kinds of punishments awarded by the Indian Penal Code, 1860 under Section 53, and they are  Death,  Life imprisonment, … Read More »

Question: What are the various punishments in Indian Penal Code? [R.J.S. 1986, UPCJ 2000] Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [What are the various punishments in Indian Penal Code?] Answer There are five different kinds of punishments awarded by the Indian Penal Code, 1860 under Section 53, and they are Death, Life imprisonment, Simple or rigorous imprisonment, Fine and Forfeiture of property. The aforementioned punishment can also be awarded in conjunction...

Question: What are the various punishments in Indian Penal Code? [R.J.S. 1986, UPCJ 2000]

Find the answer to the mains question only on Legal Bites. [What are the various punishments in Indian Penal Code?]

Answer

There are five different kinds of punishments awarded by the Indian Penal Code, 1860 under Section 53, and they are

  1. Death,
  2. Life imprisonment,
  3. Simple or rigorous imprisonment,
  4. Fine and
  5. Forfeiture of property.

The aforementioned punishment can also be awarded in conjunction in order to achieve the intended goal and deter the wrong committed. General provisions related to punishment for different offenses are enumerated in Sections 53 to 75 of IPC. Section 63 to 70 incorporate the provisions related to the imposition of fines and any alternative sentence, in case fines are not paid. Section 73 and 74 lay down the punishment of ‘solitary confinement and spells out the limitation with regard to its imposition.

Death: It is capital punishment wherein the accused is executed to death after he has been found to be guilty of a criminal offence in accordance with the appropriate legal process. In contemporary India, death sentences are only reserved for the rarest of rare cases. However, there is no guideline or structure to define these “rarest of rare” cases.

Imprisonment: This is a punishment wherein the accused is confined in a penitentiary. The framers of the India Penal Code even envisaged two kinds of imprisonment i.e.-Rigorous and Simple.

Levying of penalty or fine: The imposition of a fine is prevalent since the inception of the tribal system. In the case of Ashok Kumar vs. State, [1980] 2 SCC 20] the Apex court had opined that “payment of fine brings home the sense of responsibility in a surer fashion than even short terms of imprisonment in some case.” The Indian Penal Code and several other Indian statutes have affixed levying of fine as an alternative as well to the main punishment.

Forfeiture of property: This punishment has been provided by the Indian Penal Code and it was even prevalent in ancient India. Certain provisions in the current IPC which provide for forfeiture of property as punishment are:

  • Section 126 Committing depredation on territories of Power at peace with the Govt of India
  • Section 127 – Receiving property taken by war or depredation mentioned in Sec.125 and 126 of I.P.C.
  • Section 169 – Public servant unlawfully buying or bidding for a property

Important Mains/Long Questions for Judiciary, APO & University Exams

  1. IPC Mains Questions Series Part I: Important Questions
  2. IPC Mains Questions Series Part II: Important Questions
  3. IPC Mains Questions Series Part III: Important Questions
  4. IPC Mains Questions Series Part IV: Important Questions
  5. IPC Mains Questions Series Part V: Important Questions
  6. IPC Mains Questions Series Part VI: Important Questions
  7. IPC Mains Questions Series Part VII: Important Questions
  8. IPC Mains Questions Series Part VIII: Important Questions
  9. IPC Mains Questions Series Part IX: Important Questions
  10. IPC Mains Questions Series Part X: Important Questions
Updated On 2021-07-04T08:56:02+05:30
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