Constitutional Law – Notes, Case Laws And Study Material

By | August 8, 2018
Constitutional Law

Last Updated :

The very spirit of the country lies in its own Constitution. Constitution of India was adopted in 1949 but eventually came into effect in 1950. Constitution of India is the supreme law of the country which includes the fundamental principles governing the Union and its territories; States and various rights; Executive, legislature and judiciary; Emergency provisions, etc.

Important articles and study material on Constitutional Law – Click on the link to Read

Module I: Historical overview and nature of the Indian Constitution

  1. Introduction to concepts of the constitution, constitutional law and constitutionalism
  2. Historical background and evolution of the Constitution
  3. Constituent Assembly – Journey and Challenges
  4. Introduction to the Constitution of India
  5. Constitution of India – Full Text
  6. Features of the Constitution and a brief comparison with various Constitutions

Module II: Union and its Territory

  1. Formation of a state
  2. Concepts of citizenship and nationality
  3. A brief overview of the Citizenship Act, 1955

Module III: Concept of State and various Fundamental Rights

  1. Concept of ‘State’ under Article 12
  2. Meaning of ‘Law’ under Article 13
  3. Article 13 and Power of Amendment under Article 368
  4. Right to Equality: Concept and Explanation | Article 14-18
  5. Case Analysis: Indra Sawhney v. Union of India (1993)
  6. Right to Freedom: Categories and Dimensions of Article 19
  7. Right to Life & Personal Liberty | Article 21 Explained
  8. Right to Privacy: Evolution

Module IV: Other Fundamental Rights

  1. Other rights under Right to Freedom (Art 20-22)
  2. Right to Education
  3. Right to Die with Dignity: A Constitutional Perspective
  4. Right Against Exploitation: A Comprehensive Analysis
  5. Right to Freedom of Religion (Articles 25-28)
  6. Cultural and Educational Rights (Art 29-30)
  7. Right to constitutional remedies (Art 32 and 226)
  8. Significance of the Right to Property
  9. Martial laws (Arts. 33-35)

Module V: Interrelationship between Fundamental Rights and other parts of the Constitution

  1. Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy
  2. Parliamentary Privileges And Fundamental Rights
  3. Fundamental Rights and Emergency Provisions
  4. Freedom of Trade and Commerce: Explained

Module VI: Directive Principles Of State Policy And Fundamental Duties

  1. Directive Principles Of State Policy: An Overview
  2. Fundamental Duties enshrined in the Constitution of India

MODULE VII: Executive

  1. Constitutional provisions related to President of India
  2. Constitutional provisions related to Governor
  3. Relationship of President/Governor with the Council of Ministers
  4. Federalism in India: Unitary, Quasi, Cooperative, Competitive

MODULE VIII:  Parliament and State Legislature                         

  1. The various forms of Government: A primary synopsis
  2. Indian Parliament: Composition, Functions, Privileges & Inter-relation
  3. State Legislature: Composition, Functions and Privileges
  4. Anti-Defection Law / Tenth Schedule
  5. Local Self Government – Village Panchayats – Municipal Bodies – UT – Tribal Areas – Special Provisions Concerning Some States

MODULE IX: Centre-State Relationship                                           

  1. Federalism in India: Unitary, Quasi, Cooperative, Competitive
  2. Distribution of Power: Legislative Relations between Centre and State
  3. Centre-State Financial relationship – Taxing powers of Union and State
  4. Administrative Relationship between the Centre and States
  5. Official Language

MODULE XI: Union and State Judiciary                                           

  1. Union Judiciary – Composition, Appointment, Condition of services and removal of Judges
  2. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court
  3. Special Leave Petition; Article 136 | Concept & Explanation
  4. State Judiciary – Composition, Appointment, Conditions of services and removal of Judges
  5. Jurisdiction of High Courts
  6. Judicial Review and Judicial Activism

MODULE XII: Emergency Provisions                        

  1. Significance of Emergency Powers
  2. National Emergency Provisions Under the Indian Constitution
  3. State Emergency
  4. Financial Emergency
  5. Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Emergency Provisions

MODULE XIII: Amendment of the Constitution

  1. The doctrine of Basic Structure
  2. Judicial Review
  3. Constitutional Values of Landmark Amendments in India

MODULE XIV: Other Miscellaneous Topics     

  1. Impact of Scrapping of Article 370 on the Fundamental Rights of the Citizens of J&K
  2. Services under Union and State – Constitutional safeguards to govt. servants –Public Service Commission
  3. Election Commission
  4. CAG; Tribunal; NCSC/NCST;
  5. Obligation/Tortious Liability of the Government/Government Contracts;

Other Important articles and study material on Constitutional Law – Click on the link to Read

  1. Salient Features of the Constitution of India
  2. Preamble: A source to the most important document of the country
  3. Preamble to the Constitution of India
  4. Indian Constitution: Federal or Quasi-Federal
  5. Union and its Territories: As provided under article 1 – 4 of the Indian Constitution
  6. Citizenship
  7. Introduction to the Fundamental Rights of an Individual: As provided against the State
  8. Fundamental Rights – Nature, Scope and importance
  9. Writ Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
  10. Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policies (DPSPs)
  11. Fundamental Duties
  12. Governor’s Role in the Context of Centre-State Relations
  13. Emergency Provisions
  14. Special status of Jammu & Kashmir
  15. Freedom of Trade Commerce And Intercourse
  16. Judicial Review
  17. Secularism in India – An Overview and Comparison with Saudi Arabia

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